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Lecture 13

POL301-Lecture 13.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Abbas Gnamo

POL301 Lecture NotesJuly 2 2013Critical Perspectives on NationstatismoBasil Davidson Africa the curse of nationstatesRejects the idea of Africans to borrowimitating the European model of nationstatesoEnglebertThe African state is foreign adopted by AfricansDefining modern stateoDefined by Max Weberoa government that has a monopoly of legitimate force over a territory and its population a monopoly that is acknowledged and respected by other governments of similar kindMonopoly over violence territory population sovereignty ve sovereigntyoElements of a statePublic institutions the institutions of the modern state are all public and not privateSovereign and hegemony the institutions of the state and the rules and laws made by it have authority over a particular demarcated geographical areaFormal monopoly of violence the state is the dominant agency of rule and lawImpartial bureaucracy the bureaucracy is theoretically impersonal impartial and neutralRational bureaucracy term coined by WeberConventional discourseoPierre Englebert argues that Africa fails to meet the criteria of Max WeberThere is a dubious community of heterogeneous and occasionally clashing linguistic religious and ethnic identitiesTheir claim to force is rarely effective and much less monopolisticTheir frequent predatory nature fails the test of legitimacyTheir territoriality is generally at best hesitant and contestedoIt is an extension of Robert Jacksons idea of QuasiState Doubtful State and Juridical Statehood etcAfrican Political systemscultureoIn 1941 the British Anthropologists Meyer Fortes and EE EvansPritchard proposed a typology of Africa political systemTwo Societies with centralized authority and judicial institutions primitive societies with formal and explicit governmental institutionsSocieties without such authority and institutions stateless societies without any form of centralized government
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