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Lecture 17

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Abbas Gnamo

POL301 Lecture NotesJuly 16 2013Agriculturalbased countries have usually the most poor people who live in rural areasMore than half a billion people live in these countries 49 of them on less than US1 a daySubsaharann Africa account for 89 percent of the people who live on agricultureChronic food security now affects some 28 of the populationAcute food insecurity in 2003 was affecting 38 million people in AfricaIn 1964 total cereal production in the SSA was 32 million tons compared with a demand of no more than 33 million tonsIn 1999 demand outstripped production by 15 million tons with the number of malnutritioned people standing at 194 million FAOBy 2015 demand for food in SSA is expected to reach US100 billion double its level of 2000Agricultural output has been lagging population growthBetween 1965 and 1990 agriculture production grew at an annual rate of 17while there was an annual population growth average of 28 Food imports including food aid in the African region have increased substantially to offset the Most countries do not have hard currencies dollars to import food only countries that trade in natural resources have the money to import foodRecent data on African food security according to HDR 2012oSSA has done poorly in reducing malnutritiono40 of children under 5 nearly 55 million are malnourished and the number is projected to riseoSevere food crisis is affecting the Sahel region of West AfricaoIn 2011 millions in the Horn of Africa were affected with a food crisisFood insecurity and health has affected motherswhen then affect their children which are then affected when theyre olderoThus it is a vicious cycleConcept of food securityoWorld Food Programfood security exists when all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life FAO 2001oHealthy food has to be based on what the society deems to be healthy and necessaryHas to be good quality and accessibleoThis appears to ignore nature focused NeoMalthusian thesis fear that population growth outstrips food production and resulting in starvationLooks at overpopualtion as the issue and that some of the population should dieAt the time of Malthus work 1789 there was no technology to produce more food
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