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POL301-Lecture 23.docx

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Political Science
Abbas Gnamo

POL301 Lecture NotesAugust 6 2013Foreign policy is determined byoGreatly affected by geostrategic location military might economic poweress and system of governmentsoThe international system ex The Cold WaroRegime typesoStates may use soft or hard power according to situationsoBelief of policy makers liberal conservativeoDomestic policiesInternational law allows states to be the principal holders of economic and military capacities in world affairs and assign them alone the legal right to use armed forceDiplomacy plays a key role in the foreign policies of states and other international actorsDiplomacy usually has a comparative advantages over other instruments in terms of availability and costGlobalization challenges traditional statebased diplomacy but there is indications that states are adapting to these challengesTheoretical approaches to Foreign PolicyoThe political economy approach appears more interesting and as it enables the identification of structural constraints under which state policies are formulated and implemented and the analysis of how these constraints are expressed by conflicting force within the state to produce foreign policyoForeign policy officials in virtually all Contemporary national governments behave in the context of various organizational and institutional structuresoThe strength of these and other influences depends on the relative autonomy of governments decisions makers in their relationship to the foreign policy elitesoRealism theory does not work for weaker nations such as African statesThey are not autonomous Do not have military might to conduct relationsoThe theoretical perspective is important to the understanding of the character of the state in Africa and has implications for foreign policy behaviouroThe analysis of African leaders must deal with their actions as part of the underdevelopment for the global southoForeign policy must be analyzed in the context of the weakness and fragility of postcolonial states and the desire of Africa leaders to survive and thrive in unfavourable international systemoWhile many of them have kept strong cultural economic and political ties with former colonial powers they triedoThe African states have been weak and dependent and could not have many leverages except perhaps their geostrategic location which some effectively used to their afvantage until the end of the cold war in 1990oDuring cold war many states had advantage as they got aided by either RussiaUSoThe changing international political arenas
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