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POL305 Lecture 1 January 6th .rtf

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Political Science
Donald Kingsbury

POL305 January 16th 2014 Introduction to Latin American Politics and Societies Anniversaries as a way of contextualizing the course ▪ 1 January 1994: Mayan peasants take over the state capital, administrative seats in Chiapas Mexico, declaring war on the mexican state for over 500 years of grievances from colonialism ,neglect, racism and maldevelopment imposed on them by the capital city ▪ called themselves the Zapatista's. ▪ Mexican revolution was the first successful one ▪ the zapatistas rebellion was one for work land housing food land education liberty independence democracy peace and justice. explicitly called attention to the fact that despite the fact that mexico as an official policy was a mestizo nation, they pointed out that the poorest people and most vulnerable to oppression and injustice were markedly identifiable as indigenous ▪ Chiapas is a stark example of the rising GDP and GMP we get the notion of it progressing a middle class, developing world with a bit of trepidation ▪ Chaiapas has the largest indigenous population within mexico, at the time of the revolt, mainly half of the population spoke spanish but most people spoke dialects of indigenous origins ▪ irony of chiapas is one very characteristic of latin america- it is a very poor state in a fast developing nation. it is poor, yet very resource rich. ▪ resources can actually be a curse... ▪ produces 50% of hydro electric power, 15% of mexico's corn which is a staple prop for mexico, 10% of natural gas, 5% of oil ▪ for one state that has 3% of the population,. it had ample amounts of wealth but the indigenous minority were some of the poorest in the hemisphere ▪ by 1994, the wealth of the state was controlled by a small handful of families who enjoyed political ties to the ruling parties, powerful families enjoyed impunity for violating human rights of workers and ingenious peoples ▪ this was a state that continued to be run by the machines of political corruption, controlled by the Party of the Instititionalized revolution (1993-2000) ▪ nonetheless, 1988, highly contested elections in mexico with a viable PRI party emerging that mounted a challenge to the perfect dictatorship because it was democratic ▪ Chiapas in 1988 sent 88.9% of the vote to the PRI candidate, had to do with forms of corruption known as clientalism (people trade votes for consumer goods- vote buying) ▪ January 1st 1994, the first sustained revolt against neoliberalism in the america's took place. Neoliberalism meaning privatization, robust belief that free markets could better the lives of the entire population, leading to loweri
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