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Jan 20 POL3051.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Donald Kingsbury

POL305 January 20th Neoliberalism as Restoration: Polyarchy and 'Market Democracy' Democracy's "Forms" • this is the ideal representation of democracy, attributes of democracy • political procedural: • 'free and fair' elections; universal suffrage, freedom of association/expression, accountability/rule of law, civilian control of the military • rules of the game • representative democracy- elected officials speak for electorate • illiberal democracy- normative/critical • critique (carey) legitimately elected officials rule in illiberal fashion once in office • realign balance or separation of powers • constitutional reform (?) • 1992, Fujimori- ran as an outsider not part of any official parties, had no party support so he couldn't enforce any discipline in the legislature so he got nothing done in 2 years in terms of economics and counter insurgency • "Altogolpe" called in the military to dissolve the legislature…a coup • usually a coup is enacted by a political elite to bring down the president who is not acting in their interests, but this time the president enacted a coup to dissolve the legislature • the re-written constitution in venezuela: presidential term lengthened to 6 years… • concern for Carey is with stability and continuity… a shift toward democracy promotion, common thread is an emphasis on stability Illiberal of Postliberal- descriptive and analytical • Arditi's concerns • post liberal politics: experimentation of ruling forms that don't fit with the traditional forms of ruling • renewed emphasis on equality, solidarity, justice across state. economy, civil society, democracy w/o abstract citizenship (e.g indigenismo in Bolivia) • Substantive: functions in the interest of the governed irrespective of voting or electoral structure, equal access to the same rules of the game, equality of outcomes • oriented toward equality of outcomes or 'general will' • sees no natural division between politics, economics and civil society • direct/participatory/plebiscitary: direct vote by all citizens on legislation/issues • 'rule by referenda' Regional/Global Trends • Economic: from state-led development (1930s-1970): both in Latin America and throughout the soviet world and the decolonizing world after w2 • emphasis on the state, organizin
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