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Jan 29 POL3051.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL305Y1
Professor
Donald Kingsbury
Semester
Winter

Description
POL305 January 29th 2014 BOLIVIA: INDIGENEITY AND ANDEAN-AMAZONIAN CAPITALISM • Weber: not truly neoliberal... • andian-amazonian capitalism, distinct, a state that will develop the economy The Chicago Boys and the Chilean Miracle • junta's goal: stop spread of collectivism in chile, create conditions for an 'open market' economy of entrepreneurs • 'chicago boys' free market economist trained in US by milton freidman • shock therapy • radical restructuring of basic economic structure • junta's goals not necessarily economic, believed in the need to create possibility for strong liberal order. ironic because the military is based on uniformity and discipline, trying to create liberal conditions through violent means… • Freidman seen as an apologist for dictatorship • privatization • deregulation • global market reforms • rewriting labour code • above 3 all key to making chile attractive to foreign investment and break the power of the popular union movement • the state declared war on civil society in chile, the only appropriate political unit was the citizen, extreme individualization • important to think of neoliberalism as a program for social engineering, about power • pinochet personally benefitted from liberalization Chile after 1990 • economic performance of the 'miracle' • disaster for the poor, upward distribution of income • highlycorrupt, growth in certain sectors • impunity for pinochet, post dictatorship electoral design • continuity of the miracle under concertacion • praised by world bank for economic stability institutional transparency and integration into world economy • labour laws • inequality • privatization • 6 ways in which the reforms in chile were economically successful: • 1. to stabilize the economy and cut inflation: essentially what the chicago boys did. unevenly so, they stemmed an upward trend that wasn't going to stop, from the allende years. economic boom in chile late 1980s-90s • 2. during the economic boom there was an increase in the average per capita income, it doubled. less the case if you break it down by sector • the gap between the rich and the poor continued to increase even after the pinochet years • 3. urbanization as a form of modern development. it came about as a result of people from the country side coming into the city to find work • 4. the economic credentials were deemed more credible by international investors meaning investors were eager to place investments in the country for there was no fear of corruption…created a much more attractive environment • conertacion coalition during their campaign talked about paying the social debt, built strong economy now they needed to pay the people back for their hard work • 5. the agricultural exports sector was created by the pinochet regime, before pinochet chilean state policy was building factories and industrialization thus neglecting farmland, pinochet decollectivizes farms, rationalized property ownership…massive consolidation of land holding in the country side Veronica Shild "Care and Punishment" • what does schild argue is entailed in chile's current 'enabling' form of neoliberalism? • difference between coercive and enabling neoliberalism? opening up the economy to foreign trade, banning political protest, structurally altering neoliberalism of the pinochet years. enabling neoliberalism is guiding, gentle
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