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March 10th POL3051.docx

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Political Science
Course Code
Donald Kingsbury

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POL305 March 10  2014 IMMIGRATION TO ARGENTINA AND BRAZIL  Ethnicity ­ what ethnicity are Latin Americans ­ ethnicity changes based on and constructed in different spaces ­ can this change? ­ Lesser and Rein article emphasizing the importance of ethnicity as a national  phenomenon  ­ Countries experiencing the most immigration in order­ US, Argentina, Canada,  Brazil  ­ Key impact on population growth, population shift in Atlantic world,  Urbanization, Economic boom, cultural pluralism  ­ Countries expand and urbanize rapidly during these periods of immigration ­ Cultural pluralism and multiculturalism ­ Transformation ­ cultural pluralism ­ lsnguages on the street ­ foreign language newspapers ­ mutual aid societies ­ sports associations ­ social groups ­ schools ­ religious diversity ­ hybrid identities ­ transnational connections ­ elementary schools that are state instituted with a concession to foreign language  Transformation in Argentina ­ Buenos aires population increases 13 fold ­ Major population boom into a major world city through European immigration ­ In 1914 second largest city on Atlantic seaboard ­ 50% of population in 1914 is foreign born ­ 70% of population of city is first or second generation immigrant ­ 1.8 million italians come to Argentina in 1988 ­ 1871 slavery declines, immigration increases workers needed rural agriculture ­ government and planters attempt to attract new labor Transformation in Brazil ­ 1.6 million Italian immigrants to Brazil ­ Chinese, Germans, Italians, Spaniards, Portuguese and Japanese ­ Government subsidizes fares for half of immigrants to Sao Paolo 1890­1930 ­ Elites want to whiten and Europeanize brazil but often treat immigrants as servile  labors, not agents of development ­ Plantation workers flee because of conditions ­ European immigrants became active in labor movements ­ Many immigrants choose to stay in cities ­ Wages higher in Argentina  Push and Pull Factors ­ what causes emigration? ­ Poverty? If it was the absolute driver in present day, but migrants are not poorest  members of society ­ Countries with the most member leaving them are from England Germany and  Italy which are wealthier countries ­ War of repression?  ­ Idea of poverty is a simplification  ­ Pro­immigrat
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