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POL305Y1 (56)
Lecture 11

Lecture 11 (Mar. 26).doc

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Political Science
Rauna Kuokkanen

Lecture 11 (Mar. 26) - FN economic circumstances: - diverse - 61% have fewer than 500 people - 21% located in remote, isolated areas - RCAP: substantial gaps between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in key econom- ic indicators - i.e. employment and income - factors: size, remoteness, proximity to resources, institutional arrangements - barriers to economic development: - barriers to accessing economic development resources - barriers to accessing federal business support programs - barriers resulting from federal management and institutional development approaches - eg. Indian Act, payments from resource development on reserve lands made to min- istry and placed in trust accounts - too slow, too short term, sometimes poorly administered - to access, must make request to Minister, including Band Council resolution and plan for use of money - some see this (the minority) as an important safeguard - some reserves have achieved economic success, mostly close to urban centres - documentary in class: Anishinabek Nation - 1998 Framework Agreement on Governance - Agreement-in-Principle on Governance 2007 - negotiations ongoing since 1995 - looking to develop Constitution as part of governance agreements (accepted 2011) - provisions for official languages, membership, principles of governance structure, law- making powers, participation, consultation - November 2004, Supreme Court of Canada released decisions in Haida Nation and Taku River Tingit - FN: Aboriginal rights and title to affected areas but not yet proven in cours -> duty to consult - the province: no need to consult unless and until Aboriginal rights and title proven - B.C. Court of Appeal agreed with
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