Use full sentence on the assignment, more than 10 key sources.
2 doubled spaces; annotated bibliography can be as long as you want. You can use
newspaper to elaborate on your points.
The core components,
-Intro to the topic and identification of the problem, puzzle to be addressed in the
-Articulation of a clear research question
-Rationale/significance of the study
-Justification of cases selected for analysis
-First structure/outline of the proposed paper
What is a strong research question?
-strong research question are often based on a particular trend, development or
outcome in the social world that is somewhat at odds with what one might be expect
-Think about it in terms of puzzle or paradox (e.g interesting variation between 2
otherwise similar cases)
-should lead you towards an explanatory analysis rather than a purely descriptive
or normative one
rationale/significance of study
-why is the topic important/worth examining?
-from a theoretical standpoint: combines new and interesting literatures to shed
new light on a particular debate; build on existing theory in the area
-from a practical/empirical standpoint: extends the analysis to new empirical
contexts; important policy implications
title: waterfront politics: an analysis of how multilevel governance arrangements
shape redevelopments projects in Toronto and Chicago
-intro: 2 cities that share a number of similarities(justifications of cases) but vastly
different approaches to the redevelopment of their waterfront spaces
-statement of the rq: -what explains the failure of toronto’s waterfront to follow chicago’s example
-sketch of how the analysis will unfold: the study will divided into number parts?
Brief description of each part
-significance of the proposed study: recent research focus on specific cases, add to
this by extending the analysis to 2 new cities. ; add empirical support to argument of
good and others.
Its periodical, immigration patterns.
Economic clusters. Topics are contemporary
Example2: new deal of cities movement
Democratic deficit need a theoretical framework to explain this,
-demonstrates the breadth and scope of the research done thus far
-an alphabetical list of research sources
-provided complete bibliographic details
-but also a concise summary of each source and some assessment of its value and
relevance to the development of your own work
-selecting sources: define the scope of your research so you can decided which
sources to include and exclude
-what is your problem puzzle research question?
-what type of material you are looking for? – peer retire academic
-summarizing the argument of a source
-each annotation should
-identify the main argument, research question or hypothesis of the source
-the methods used and the main findings of the sources
-evaluate the sources’ strengths; weaknesses and relate it to other work in the field
-demonstrate how/where the source will be used in your work e.g contributes to
the theoretical foundations of the paper, contributes some empirical data on a
particular aspect of the problem how will you use the source and why
why is it valuable, are you interested in the source or the concept
how does it be effective of your problem
-does it contain empirical evidence that you want to incorporate with?
Information is on u of t writing center website on help. And the new college website
Lecture 2: the historical and Institutional foundations of local government in canada
-early municipal governments in canada largely evolved in response to the
settlement of the country
-as population increased and became concentrated in a few urban centers during
the early years, it was necessary to find a way of administrating the growing number
of programs and responsibilities
-population scattered across vase land mass +basic communications and
transportation made it difficult for the centralized colonial government to handle
critical dates and developments
-form of local government influenced by the political
focus on central canada, first place where a comprehensive system of municipal
governance was established and it shaped the development of municipal institution
in other provinces
-local government made its first real appearance in canada under the Fren