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POL312.Mar 14.SP.docx

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Political Science

POL312 – Canadian Foreign Policy Lecture 21 Prof. Greaves Mar 14 2013 IS.SP Class 21 Transnational Networks and Aboriginal Politics Indigeneity - Surprisingly challenging concept - Troublesome concept: “timeless” identities essentially transformed by encounters with modernity, empowered by international law - Implies not only some kind of historic concept - Indigenous identity are perhaps timeless identities that are tied to a particular place - There is an ambiguity in who should be considered indigenous o Indigenous North Americans, Indigenous Australians o Africans? Indigenous Belgians? Indigenous Turks? - Bespeaks territorial connection and implied distinction from majority/dominant population o IPS either minorities i.e. Anglo settler societies, Sami. OR non dominant minorities i.e. Bolivia, Peru o Linked to colonialism, imperialism, historical dispossession o Approx. 300 million IPs worldwide; obvious definitional implications o Indigenous populations, people, peoples, etc.  Peoples: when modern Western government started quantifying the indigenous people, it was statistical. It was used as a measurement of numbers. It recognizes the pluralistic side of it. It actually implies certain rights of these people that the multiple Western states didn’t want to acknowledge. Aboriginal peoples in Canada - Approx. 4 percent of Canadian population which is 1.2 million; fastest growing segment of population; half under 25; half in urban areas - 600 recognized bands or governments across country - Constitutional “Indians” – First Nations, Inuit and Metis (sec. 35); federal responsibility under sec. 91 of Constitution Act 1982 The State and IPs in Canada - Troubled Historical Relationship o Terra nuillius: legal doctrine legitimating European conquest o Informed 3 centuries of overt efforts by Canada to exterminate, assimilate, or ignore IPs - Contemporary relationship still troubled, but Aboriginal claims have been empowered you territorial devolution, SCC, and direct action o SCC: enumerates the rights that empower the courts over the legislatures in the political system o Indigenous people played their own actions to change the policy. o Despite the improvement of the relationship, Lackenbauer says that there is fundamental built into this by modern Canadian state - Canadian Aboriginal people claim to self-determination and/or sovereignty o Treaty of the use of this shared world o Accepting outsiders into their land for personal satisfaction
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