Class Notes (834,936)
Canada (508,830)
POL320Y1 (88)
Lecture

3 Lec - Kant (2).docx

6 Pages
156 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POL320Y1
Professor
Simone Chambers
Semester
Fall

Description
Kant Overview  The pitch: a warm and fuzzy Kant Preface: why moral phil and not political phil  a lot of politics presupposes morality  moral phil has the most influence in contemporary political phil  the ideal of human rights, constitution  the idea of individual and the inner value of the individual  idea of equality are present in all pol systems  this is best articulated in his moral phil  internal basis for moral judgment  problem of politics – external problem  internal notion of who we are as a person  as a moral thinker - more impact A warm and fuzzy Kant  version which is not warm and fuzzy  ridged and inflexible view of morality  duties for duties sake  can never lie  people who are naturally god – not to admire  admired – someone who does not care about humanity  unsympathetic figure not about conformity but freedom  trying to get to the bottom of what is means to be free  conception of morality – 2 kinds of freedom  morality – usually a set of rules o can be ex as a form of constraint o problematic way of thinking about it o ideas of morality presuppose freedom o intentionality in crime o if you're forced to do something, you're not morally resp o more external, less morally resp o accountability, choice, etc o internal responsibility and freedom o causality o every effect is a cause, phys world in materialist o there is no morality if there is no free will o space for freedom o the rules of morality are not as external constraints, but freedom and responsibility internally  MORALITY FOR A WORLD WITHOUT OUTSIDE AUTHORITY  strong foundation for morality  where can we get a strong foundation if out external sources have been questioned/undermined  rational and secular way  THE ROUSSEAU OF MORALITY: TO BE FREE AND YET GOVERNED BY MORAL LAWS  law of being free ITS HUMAN TO SEE THE WORLD FROM A MORAL POINT OF VIEW  morality comes with the hard and software of being human  it is in the structure of our reasoning  we cannot help but looking at the world through certain structures, fro example time moves  not back  the way we process the world, fact of our reasoning  not that all ppl are good  part of the structure of rationality itself  can fail to follow it, build in  both optimistic and pessimistic  being human potentiality of morality Deciphering GMM  good will and duty GOOD WILL AND DUTY  good will = good intentions  good intentions, virtues, and results  good intentions = acting from duty  acting from duty v acting in conformity with duty: the troubling case of the misanthrope  duty – law – universal law Section I  moral intuition  something which is unconditionally good  the only good thing, good will  good intentions  there are other things which are good, but they are not unqualified good, courage is good, but if you had bad character it cold be used for bad things, they are not good in all circumstances, esp if the person has bad intentions moral goodness  drowning child  for $ 1000 not moral but instrumental  the thing which gives the moral character to the thing can be found in the will of the person, their intention – moral resp what does it mean to have a good will  certain type of motive  saving the child for a $1000 – not good, good: doing it because its right – that is the moral motive  isolate as to what is does this mean – the right action is the action which is …  structure of morality – done because its rights  do it because its right  motif - doing your duty – diff it from when actions conform to duty but not done out of duty shop keeper – does not cheat people because its bad for business  actions conform to duty  actions are not done out of duty misanthrope  4396  some people are born with those things  they just act that way because that’s how they are  morality tied to choice - cannot isolate morality – she just happened to be born a nice person  cant depend on accidents of nature  the other person  because they do their duty anyways  can isolate the morality part of it, has to do it against their nature  would be a mistake to think the misanth is an ideal person  this is a thought experiment  push off things which are accidental  personality is accidental  isolate the moral particle, at the level of phil, does not believe we can isolate on the psychological, sociological  this is not how we judge people to isolate what is morality Categorical imperative 3 and 4 formulation  4:429 act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end never simply as means  4:434 never to act on any maxim except such as can also be a universal las and hence such as the will can thereby regard itself as at the same time the legislator or universal law (in a kingdom of ends) problem: raised by empiricism – how
More Less

Related notes for POL320Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit