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2 Lec - Rousseau (3).docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL320Y1
Professor
Simone Chambers
Semester
Fall

Description
The Two Rousseaus? Authenticity has been threatened, perhaps by progress Romantic theme of the D on Ineq. Reason tells us that we are fundamentally free and that consent is the only basis of legitimate political rule (En theme of SC) The book is about what kind of a life J makes Not feelings v society Loved her father, though he would die Its about 2 passions, which cannot be satisfied at the same time In both cases she was acting authentically from point of view of ROM feeling articulates an ideal of authenticity Know thyself be thyself need to get in touch of who the person actually is, there are forces which inhibit us from being ourselves; gets caught up in ideas of alienation, and other modern ideas D on Inequality Genre/Method Savage State Pore-political society Political society Genre/Method 1756 essay competition has the progress improvement or corruption of human kind 2 Discourse inequality Discourses 1st Discourse Conjectural history History of the human soul 2nd Discourse 1 one and was popular has the progress? it contributed to the corruption, anti-enlight. Argument because it embraced progress, but R said no, he was going against the intellectual trend Why were we not getting better? Sci was leading to luxury and it was making humans soft Civilization brings with it the coming of the passions and you do this through complex inst of manners (please, thank you, shaking hands) 18th the sys of social manners was very complex its like we are interacting with each other w artificial manners and forms of politeness (they stand b/w people) There are set formulas of how people ought to act, nothing is authentic the higher up in the social ladder, the more unauth it is R was authentic, was very emotions, did not always act according to est decorum This hit a core in people The creations of tension b/w auth and civilizing effect of manners, where you have formula, which control our passions and em R for authenticity people could see themselves in the essay essay: if it stood by itself, interesting commentary on one's life, no alternative, no full phil 2nd D more depressing, serious, more important criticism of society attack on 18 c politics, soc and Europe enligh thinkers realized that r was not one of them The origins of society Conjectural history, not true the investigations should not be takes for historical truths. This history Subject is human consciousness, not his (human identify and how it changes) Human nature is malleable, forces in the world shape who we are Core of Hegel spiritual forces (reason) Marxisms his materialism mat forces Shaped by how we phy shape our lives For R both, there are many mat conditions and also internal things Not a happy story Preface: states how radical will be his claim Metaphor development of human soul over time the human soul alters in the midst of soc 1st manners are getting in the way the whole march of soc was to deform who we are undermined human auth story of deformation where did it go wrong the goal - go back to our auth inauth deep deformity in the human character Starts with the S.O.N. Savage State Natural condition of equality no soc/morality/rules/conventions Motivation: self-preservation and pity/sympathy His SON quasi-anthro claim, how people lived 1. People are isolated people do not live together (solitary) there are no families he wants to get into something original in his pol he is communitarian humans are to be understood as isolated individual interaction is gover by convention nature of humans- thinks about a single person isolated savage only 2 impulses: 1. Self-pres 2. Pity (PRIOR TO REASON) once we start thinking we put layers of artificiality emotions and passions independent of rational the intro of reason and the role it plays the savage is unreflective he does not look at himself once there is self-reflection, there is trouble those who do not use reason, are they even human what makes us diff from ani? Free will and recognition of free will reason corrupts humans language was invented to communicate what is inside of human beings, their emotions, as a tool why did humans developed? There is something pure about them there is no morality, not good or bad challenges Hobbes, form him there is an atmosphere of war only after one lives in soc, one can think that injustice has been done to them illness many of them are caused by modernity itself result of unhealthy living Voltaires reaction people think everything was getting better but R was telling a diff story, as soc was corrupting the humanity II. Pre-political society Social comparison innocuous inequality Division of labour/property dangerous inequality War life threatening inequality Part II the first person to close off land t
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