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Lecture 9

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Political Science
Simone Chambers

Lecture 9111010Edmund Burke 17291797Write about the French Revolution he was vehemently against the revolution It was antirevolutionaryantienlightenment On the other hand he was for the American RevolutionThe Story of Three RevolutionsThe American Revolution 1776The French Revolution 1789The Glorious Revolution 1688 moved from an absolute monarchy to a representative democracyBurke was born in Ireland Irish Catholicmoved to England to make his face and fortune He did this in politics joining the British parliamentHe was involved in the impeachment of a guy named Hastingswho had gone to India just to make money while the treatment of the local population was terrible The colonial ruling of India was spurred on by economic factors not political factors Burke tried to discredit this rule in India and Hastings He lost much of his reputation from this The Rage of Edmund Burkea book written about it Late in life he writes Reflections on the Revolution in France This is what he is known fornot for his earlier political life but the books he publishes later in life Reflections on the Revolution in France is a lettera man in France writes to Burke in 1790 asking him his thoughts on whats going on In 1789 the people of France are called there is a struggle the estates general win stndagainst the King and kicks out the 1 estate the Aristocracy and the 2 estate the clergy The king and Marie Antoinette are brought back to France by a mobBurke writes his book from this point before the terror He writes as the ancient regime is on its way out a terrible regime Many think at this point that the regime is a good thingthe process of France becoming a constitutional monarchy a revolution like the Glorious Revolution for instance Doctor Price The Glorious Revolution Locke a series of Stuart Kings James I Charles I James II and Charles II All proclaim absolute monarchy England has the Magda Carta a group of people that make up a quasiparliament who consult with the king The Stuarts try to rule without the parliamentthey set up taxes without consulting parliament and the Stuarts were quasiCatholics while the king of England is also the head of the national churchthe protestant church of England Charles I is killed etc There is a restoration and the Stuarts are brought back in It happens again and the Stuarts are kicked out again The Crown passes the throne to William of Orangeparliament decides the succession of the throne This is a limitation on the monarchit places the monarch under a constitution What right did the parliament have to do this The Lockean Right government is based on contract This is a right that exists in nature The natural structure of all politics if you protect our rights we will uphold your rule if you do not protect our rights we will not uphold your rule The second interpretation Kings used to be elected by parliament in Englandelecting William of Orange is just a return to this older system Burke agreed with this second interpretationRightsWhat is a right
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