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Lecture 14

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Political Science
Simone Chambers

Lecture 14February 2 2011Master Slave DialectPhenomenologyHegel wants a reconciliation between the active and passive mind of the world It is the story of the human mind and its relationship to the world and then its relationship to other mindsStory of how humans grasp the world and relate to each otherits a developmental storyHe is saying in one sense that our ability to grasp the world properly and to understand how we grasp the world happens over time The story is told historicallyThe first part of the phenomenology is becoming aware the second half is the understanding of the role of sociality and how it affects the way we thinkthe way we conceive the worldThis is a radical move that takes place in the masterslave dialecticIt is a story not an argument a story of two individuals The story contains the whole world What he does in this story is explain how humans grasp the world how they grasp themselves and why is that knowledge of the world and yourself requires another person a mediated otherIt is a story about psychology what we need from others to be satisfiedIt is a story about society explaining why we are social beingsit is a story analogous the state of nature dialoguesit is an explanation of political authority It has a grandiose metaphysical idea the end of the book is the end of historyLevels upon levelsPsychologicalSocialPoliticalHistoricalHuman NatureThe problem is the problem of selfconsciousness The central thing to solve this problem is recognition What is the problem of selfconsciousnessIt involves a knowledge that something exists humans are conscious of their existence How do you know you exist This problem has all sorts of levels Part of the problem of selfconsciousness is what gives us certainty that we existFurthermore we dont just want to know that we exist we want to know who we are There is a problem with this its very hard to think about who you are who you are depends on who you ask Who you are is partially constituted by who you think you are How other people grasp you also constitutes who you are Hegel wants to talk about the idea of selfconsciousness at the individual levelBut more importantly what it means to be a humanHistory is understood as all these humans trying to figure out what it means to be humanthe effort to grasp who are we constitutes who we are and we are freeWhat it means to be human is to be FREEHumans first had to constitute themselves as free before they became free
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