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Lecture 4

POL326Y1- Lecture 4- Oct. 2, 2012.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Arnd Jurgensen

POL326Y1 Lecture 4 Oct 2 2012 Congress was created as an inefficiency in the constitution purposely because of the distrust of presidents and politics Congress is meant to force a reliance on institutions an inefficient system therefore there are many checks and the rights of minorities are not violated Those who control the legislature do not control the judiciary as wellIn order for a particular proposal to become law it must be introduced in both houses of congress it is generally not introduced by the president but he can make it clear which he prefers Once it goes through the house it is assigned to a committee than and subcommittee this subcommittee usually consists of those who have a direct stake in it or if it concerns their constituents The house can easily kill a bill by assigning it to a subcommittee that is hostile to it ex dairy bill assigned to tobacco committeeWhen the bill is given to the subcommittee it already has amendments From their it goes to other committees where it is amended according to incentives it is amended various times and goes to senate where again it is amended through the various houses of the senateAfter which the bill is much different from the original and there is a committee formed of senators and house of representatives who try to iron out of the differences if this does not happen it goes back to the house in its original form and if it is not passed by both houses it is dead Foreign policy is in the executive branch because FP cannot go through the level of inefficiency as the process The Supreme Court following Marbury v Madison has the power to declare acts of the executive void If a law becomes law over the power presidential veto it becomes law of the land and can only be challenged in the supreme courtEx 1980s burning of flag case during Reagan Admin The Courts are an important component in the system of checks and balances protecting constitutional rights Export Company vs US Supreme Court supported the President in his seizure of private property machine guns sold to Paraguay in the middle of an embargoSupreme Court argued for a broad interpretation of exec privilege in foreign policy Reformulation of the Articles of Confederation transferred more power previously held by the states to the federal governmentissues of sovereignty since the states never individually possessed sovereignty the federal government got it through signing an agreement with the British before revolution Legality not derived from the constitution but from the law of states therefore the constitution does not applyo When it comes to foreign policy the president can do whatever it takes to protect the statethis requires a number of things which are contrary to the republicanSecrecy against the values of the republic and constitution
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