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Political Science
Ross Michael Pink

MINORITIES IN INTERNATIONAL LAW There are two cases where the international comm criticized Canada P 293 – the protection of minority rights - Minorities, by virtue of their name, on periphery of society - Not within the power structure of the country - The interest group theory of politics – powerful interest groups have a disproportional power over the govt and policy - The theory is that the most powerful groups have the ear of the politicians and bureaucrats and influence policy - Canadian banking industry shut down hearings on Parliament Hill during Maloney, there was huge public support for lowering interest charges In any society, the minority group is outside the power structure - Does not have muck power or allies in the govt - Who speaks for the minorities, esp in developing countries - Delots in India – have been discriminated against, still very disadvantaged despite the Indian govt passing legislation - FRI – first information reports are not filled out for Delots Northern Hill Tribes - Do not have citizenship - One of the elementary rights of citizenship is to have nationality - Sets up a host of other discrimination, because they do not even have the most basic right, socially (not just pol and eco) - Almost like a minority within a minority - When people do stand up (in India) the person risks to be ostracized and might lose their jobs Studies of police in India - In 40% of the cases in India, FRI was not done for Delot - How many do actually come to report? - Minorities are reluctant to approach the power structure - Of the few that come forward even fewer are heard - Getting the elites to stand behind and speak up for minorities The UN took steps to address minority issues - Tyranny of the majority - They dominate and side line smaller groups - Happens in many societies, even in Quebec – Duplesi – went after Jahova’s Witnesses After WWII because of colonization starting to end and UDHR - Contiousness growing around the consept around HR and minority rights, major turning point for people and rights - International Covenant on political and civil rights – another major turning point, because there are a lot of references to minority groups ICCPR, art 27 - In those states with minorities, persons shall not be denied the right to enjoy their own culture, enjoy their religion, use language - International law that clearly affirms of minorities/ the rights they should have - The basic problem – enforcement – how do you carry the ideal into practice – not difficult to create law, what is difficult is enforcing it in a meaningful way More consentation on the indigenous peoples - The aboriginal peoples in Canada 299 the declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples (2007) - Have the right to full enjoyment (as collective or individual) to all human rights as rec in the charter of the UN - Have the right to self deterimination Indigenous peoples - Minorities within minorites - Focusing on their rights is a major step forward Northern Hill Tribe Peoples - Northern part of Thailand - There are 8 types of hill tribes in Thai
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