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Lecture 2

POL356H1 Lecture 2: Classifying Party Systems

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Nelson Wiseman

Numerical (5) 1. Origins (3) 2. Internal organization 3. Mass vs. cadre a. External organization 2. integrated vs. confederal a. Ideology 2. 4 Party Systems 3. Talking Politics New Fair Elections Act Voter suppression: Issues w presenting i.d. > may lead to lower voter turnout o Vouching for someone: Spending limits on how much parties can spend on campaigns have to be at least 37 days o Can spend 0.137 more for every day past 37 > So longer elections beneficial for parties w funds, but harms those w less funds Numerical (5) 1. Following WWII, in light of Cold War Pol scientists questioned what makes for a stable society: Competitive 2 party system o Based on steady noncommunist govts (i.e. Brits) and unstable communist govts (Italy) Types of party systems One party dominant system 1. Party captures 70 more of the seats, at least 50 of vote a. OR party that gets reelected > thought may not get 70 more of the b. seats, etc. (i.e. last time party got over 50 of vote in Ontario, PC 1929) Two Party System 2. Two parties must get more than 90 of votes, most seats a. OR both parties relatively equal in votes; different bw less than 10 b. Additionally, regular alternation of parties (i.e. in Ontario, alternation bw c. liberals PCs) Liberals have dominated seats in ON, but there has been a i. regular alternation w PCs Three Party System 2. 3 parties have approx 90 of vote a. OR each gets 2530 of the vote, some seats b. Two half Party System 2. Two primary, dominant party one week yet dominant 3rd party a. i.e. ON: Liberals PCs, w NDPs i. 3rd party gets up to approx 20 of seats b. Multi Party System 2. Canada had multiparty in 80s90s a. Weaknesses of numerical outlook: No content; offers statistics wo class, ethics, language
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