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POL359Y1 (5)


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Political Science
Course Code
Robert Austin

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POL359 ENLARGING EUROPE 17 SEPTEMBER 2013 INTRODUCTIORY CLASS: WHY INTEGRATE? European history in the 20 century The source of integration  Catastrophic war  Europe is more than just Europe, it’s a sum of a huge number of parts  Enlargement: deepening of the integration project  The new German question Danger for Europe  The generation which won the war does not run the show anymore e  Europe can fall apart  The biggest danger for Europe is nationalism from the periphery (not market) has to prevent the resurgence of nationalism  Not elimination of nationalism  But co-existence of nationalities 1919  “The Third Man”  Entered a war which turned out to be a catastrophic blunder  WWI – complex origins, somehow blamed on the Germans, but it was more of an Austrian thing > Balkan wars – trying to prevent Serbia from becoming a regional power, everyone was enthusiastic about the war  The war set Europe on a trajectory  30 year war from 1914 to 1944  “1919” + “Man without a face” Impact # 1: there are no empires  The old empire system is eliminated  You have to re-draw the map of Europe What to do in 1919  Punish Germany  Prevent expansion of Bolshevism  National self-determination (big issue)  Want to create stability, + sustainability do not want war  The q of national minorities is very important  The populations are not compact, pockets of minorities  Partially solved by the League of Nations (for sustainability and prevention of war, first type the rights of minorities were codified & only applied to new states, after 1919 thee are new states)  There are new states that emerge from the war  The Europeans are focused on the new states & they are forces to treat minorities with respect under law New states  Because they are new, they are nationalizing states, they are hostile to any minorities, because the minorities they are seen as a fifth column  The biggest single question are the Hungarians  And the German minority  Everyone has a minority Two types of states  1. Those who love the status quo (Baltics, Poland, Czechoslovakia, the Yugoslav state, Albania & Romania  2. Revisionist camp (Germany (the most), Hungary, Bulgaria) From 1914 to 1945  Death camp, epic level of destruction  Chaos, insecurity  The system is unstable  There is the institutional framework for peace  There are no overarching security arrangements  “Regrettably the blood lands” – land b/w Germany and Russia  Inside Western Europe – incapable of
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