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Lecture October 8th 2013.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science

Lecture October 8 2013  council of Europe parliamentary assembly recommendation #1202 (1993)  the old system (ussr and its bloc) was based on lies  what was eastern Europe became central Europe – key factor gorbichov, he introduces 2 policies that aren’t meant to destroy the ussr and its control over the eastern states but it does  glasnov? Policy allowed people to be able to speak mind – this unraveled the system  goal is to retain the primacy of the party (cpsu) in soviet society  central euro phenomenon and Balkan phenomenon  Chreshnev doctrine ? we reserve right to intervene in your affairs that threatens the soviet power  Gorbichov didn’t like central euro leaders bc they were all old Stalinists  Sinatra doctrine?  Message goes over badly in Germany, Hungary, Poland  Unleashing of this reform agenda unravels Europe  Systems were completely morally rotten- they couldn’t develop to the next stage of development  Poland is the most important of the countries in the bloc- they name the polish pope in the 80’s  Emergence of the first opposition group- makes them a vision of what could be possible in ussr  Czech is the least reformed- openly hostile to what gorbichov is saying to them they have one of the most developed dissident communities- oppositional to the system who take what is being said in 1985 and use it as reform tool  Charter 77- group of intellectuals in Czech  Hungary: start to renovate themselves with gorbichov message – dissident community  In yugo the message from gorb is pretty irrelevant bc they have already reformed- reason to be is based on the cold wars continuance – it is a coleader of the non-aligned movement (with india) that has countries that are not pro-soviet or pro-USA. They had President Tito. They were able to borrow a lot of money from western institutions bc they were possible allies. They also had freedom of travel. Was a “softer” dictatorship.  Cold war provides yugo’s geo-political relevance  Albania: neither non-aligned or member of bloc. Engaged in policy of self- reliance – which they are still paying for. Left soviet camp and became part of china, and eventually left and decided to be independent. Takes it out of any global economy; this impoverishes them. In 89 they don’t have revolution, not affected by Moscow or Washington. Poorest country in Europe. Doesn’t have a dissident culture. This is important bc they would become vanguard to new system. Has large informer culture.  Bulgaria: staunch soviet ally. Doesn’t have highly dissident culture. In 89 they end up with a coup- renovated communists become socialists and seize power.  Romania: has a coup, not everyone agrees on this though. Chorchesku? Ruler who destroyed the country. Oligarchy.  Soviets have largest troop presence in central Europe  No troops in Yugoslavia, Romania, and Albania –  pres
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