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Lecture 5

Lecture 5-6

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science

LEC04 Oct.05 (Aristotle and Stoics) I. Introduction II.Aristotle on Emotion (in the light of Plato) IIIStoics I. Introduction We will be looking at: Aristotle takes into the context in understanding what emotions are. Categorized emotions (dichotomy between positivenegative emotions) and how we value each category of emotions. .What they consider to be the most important key factors of emotions and how they define emotions. Prototype emotions (or basic emotions). We want to see how the emotions play their roles in our social, political life. Aristotle and Stoics (Common) Both had similar app1oaches in terms of dividing the souls from the body (the rational and the a-rational) What they provide for us is to argue that these sorts of actions and behaviors have their source within ourselves. Therefore, we are responsible for our emotions. So youre responsible for your emotions and characters, but it is not always possible to take control of them. II.Aristotle: 3 parts of soul in terms of orientations. (Spirit, Desire,) Each of these parts in Plato have both rational and emotional parts in this sense. In other words, for the petitive parts to acknowledge something, there has to be a certain rationality processing. E.g. The spirit part of soul has a certain aspect of rationality certain knowledge at work (in terms of defining and recognizing the virtue and vice.) Its emotions that have been subject to regime for Aristotle. Emotions draw both from the a-rational and rational parts of the soul. The way he describes it in the Rhetoric is to suggest that emotions are feeling accompanied by changes in judgment. (p.91) Q: if emotions participate in the a-rational part, how is it different from feeling hungry? A: Emotions are like-feeling hungry. Difference between hunger and appetite is that feelings of hunger is never judged as reasonable. Emotional intensity can be judged by others within certain parameters according to standards of reasonableness, whereas non-emotional intensity (e.g. pain) is not. 1 Note: distinction between non-rational and a-rational. Non-rational contains against while a- ratioal is more a neutral term.
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