feb 29.docx

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Political Science
Course Code
Michael Ignatieff

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Aboriginal Self-Government and Canadian Democracy  Had institutions of government on Canadian soil for 10,000 year  Highly complex and organized tribal politics, nations peoples calling themselves as nations, and th in the 16 century opposing white settlement with ferocity and extending allied hands on the other  We know that aboriginal Canadians, are younger than the median average of other Canadians, populations are extremely dynamic, more populace in Manitoba and sask.  Way below national average after tax income and in education  Most poor of our country are aboriginal  Some of most impressive leadership is aboriginal also some of the worst  Connection between politics and economics, the way aboriginals are governed effects their life chances, the way in which their democracy helps of hinders aboriginal development  We are part of a aboriginal international o International dimension to this issue  Questions:  Why should aboriginal Canadians have their own order of government? o They are citizens with equal rights under the charter, why separate order? Is it democractic?  Why should access to government programs be dependent on residence on/off reserve? o Access to services (housing, health care etc) if you are reserve and do not if you are off, is that democratic? o 60% of aboriginal pop. Is off reserve o i.e. assistance for Post –secondary education  Why should aboriginal Canadians have rights other Canadians do not have? o Access to certain services and entitlements that other Canadians do not by virtue of race and ethnicity  Did aboriginal Canadians consent to join Canada?  The reason we answer the first 3 questions with yes is bc there is an understanding of the relation to Canadian democracy which is that they were here before anybody else, they ahd order poitical before Canada even existed, and they were not asked whether or not they wanted to join in 1867 o There was a political system in 1867; tribes there for thousands of years, not at the quebec conference or PEI and the pre-existing aboriginal political system was not asked whether or not it wasnted to be part of system o The BNA Act simply said they would have jurisdiction over Indians and indian lands o It is about democractic legitimacy  Democracy as a system is about consent, do you consent to be ruled, if you do it is legitimate, if it is not it is not legitimate  Since that is the case, different rules need to apply to aboriginal Canadians  Indian Act 1876 o Wards (dependents) not citizens o Status not rights o Tax exemption o Right to vote o Property rights
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