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POL469H1 (23)
M.Isaac (22)
Lecture 10

Lecture 10.rtf

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Political Science

Urbanization Current urbanization patterns More living in cities than rural: 60% urban in 2030. Mega cities are growing in the developing nations Why? People don’t want to be in agricultural sector. Although there’s a rise in conventional agriculture, there is a loss of labour force. Forces of urban migration? Desertification, poor land, degraded soils, mechanization, climate change induced drought Costs and benefits of urban life and ecology Pull: job opportunities, services, education, etc. Push: unemployment, non-productive lands. Rural/ urban dichotomy (page 8) More rural traditional agriculture in developing countries Issues of urban ecology (page 9) Poverty, unemployment, access to food and housing, waste disposal, pollution etc. Food access Food consumed in cities are produced elsewhere 25% of urban third world population is dependent on food aid. 2008 food crisis Housing Lots are illegal housing Prone to risk due to settlement in vulnerable land Urban pollution Waste disposal Lack of proper sewage treatment leads to health hazards Dumping our garbage to developing countries—environmental justice Industrial water pollution Water used as solvent to pick up waste Organic waste lead to algae bloom, loss of fish Toxic and hazardous substances Radioactive material Sediment Air pollution Industrial and automotive Combustion of fuel
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