Lecture 7

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Published on 11 Jun 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
PSY100 Lecture June 9, 2011
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY
Brand New Ancient Wisdom: you have more control than you think
The brain structurally becomes thicker in order to accommodate learning in
respective areas
Affective neuroscience: changing the way that your brain works
Richard Davidson:
Studied how the brains meditation practitioners functioned through EEG
Left to right PFC activation was heavily neurologically happy (<0.4) in
practitioner of 30 years
The brain is highly capable of being rewired
Ex: free-diving people structurally change their physiology days ahead in
order to pack more and more oxygen into body through meditation
Our normal patterns of thinking
Evaluate; people can make intuitive judgments quickly
How efficiently can our minds work?
Ex: if you let a student watch a short, soundless clip of a professor
lecturing, they will be able to predict the kind of professor they are
Discrepancy –based ; comparison of ourselves and others to standards of comparison
closing the gap between two situations
Focused on past or future: you can live in the past and the future, in a sense
Abstract world that you created in your mind
Ex: thinking about the person you went on a date with consider the way the
date went and then anticipate future
Problem-solving
Thinking
Mind is a churning mass of activity
Yoga- it is difficult to maintain a still mind
Normal patterns of thinking are relentless and incessant
Jon Kabat-Zinn
Sought to frame and market meditation as a stress-reduction program
Mindfulness Practice
Must be openly receptive to whatever is going on at that moment in time
Focused awareness on the present
Non-reactive, non-evaluative
Nothing is done with thoughts that come up, they are merely observed
passively
Dont do anything about it accepting thoughts
Active practice of acceptance
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Imagine standing in front of the mirror and look at yourself and you are
focused on your most hated flaw
You are forcing yourself to stand there and eventually get over it
Cognitive therapy had mindfulness practice built in
People can pay attention to their thoughts and mind and gain access to
consciousness.
Approach thoughts with non-reactive stancevery much like parent approaching a
child
Difference from CBT one doesnt try to solve ones problems by practicing
mindfulness
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression
Why does depression have such a high relapse rate?
Ruminative thinking is the key people think about themselves alot
Figure out what is wrong with yourself
Increased neural nets develop for negative thinking
Brain grows to be very good at thinking about what is wrong with you
Negative emotions lead to negative thoughts well oiled negative self
thinking machine
IS RUMINATION THE PROBLEM?
Doing mode (performance) vs. Thinking mode (experiential being)
The feeling of acceptance is the strengthening of numerous synaptic
connection neurological phenomenon
The hidden neurology of doing nothing
How does it help?
Making a decision to face problem, not turn away
Act of courage, power, self-control
Observation is a very active process
Psychopathology
Diagnosing someone is human perception process
People tell a biased story of their thoughts/ problems
Therapist interprets in top-done mechanism, evaluating information at
disposal
Ex: multiple personality disorder
Diagnosis became more popular over the years
Is nature changing? Or are our beliefs about MPD changing? different
perception
What is abnormal psychology?
What is the difference between disorder and normal?
Ex: What is the difference between OCD vs. Being cautious & detail-
oriented?
Ex: depression vs. Blues?
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