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PSY100 lecture note

Course Code
Dan Dolderman

of 2
PSY100 #21 Personality Dec 1-Tuesday: By SiLu Liu
90MC, Chapter 1: less
The rest: 6 q per chapter
Over-represent after midterm 2, *study social psychology (application)*
Dec 4th psy 1:00-3:00 trivia, register for it first
BIG FIVE!!!**, NO historical personality theory before big five
Personality: the search for stable attributes of the self
-a long, contentious, influential history
-theorists have argued about just how useful personality constructs are, ranging from
attributing much our experience and behaviour to the influence of stable dispositional
factors, to arguing that personality traits are so unstable across time and situation that
they have very little utility
-of course, now were somewhere in the middle
-he launched the study of personality, by developing an incredible, complex theory of
personality based on the in-depth analyses he made of the patients he treated in his
-although few psychologists today consider themselves Freudians, he left an enduring
legacy on not only psychology, but on our entire culture
-e.g. defences, repression, Freudian slips…
Freuds personality theory: three structures
-id: seat of our passion, Caliban; basic drives; the pleasure principle, which is our basic
life force; the accelerator:
-superego: our conscience; internalized standards of morality and social norms; socialized
within us as we develop; the break
-ego: our rational, problem-solving decision maker; the CEO, trying to balance the lusts of
the id with the constraints of the super-ego…>>>
-examining the conflicts that occur was thought to provide great insights into our
motivations and behaviours.
-e.g. the ego has many strategies at its disposal to help it >>>
Cognitive Dissonance
(how ppl explain themselves)
PSY100 #21 Personality Dec 1-Tuesday: By SiLu Liu
-In social psychology, these types of ego-defenses were explored in a powerful theory called
cognitive dissonance theory.
-e.g. Festiner & Carlsmith dissonance study. **
Boring task for $1 vs. $20. Tell ppl its cool (changes ur own view)
If pay $20 to lie, they still think experiment is boring, paid to lie.
If pay $1 to lie, they come to think the experiment is interesting. (perception changed!!)
We like what we suffer fore.g. hazing rituals; foot-in-the-door & cults; war-time
friendships; being embarrassed
Our power of rationalization & biased thinking can be remarkably resistant to reality
e.g. the end of the world cult (wait for aliens but didnt come, they turned the
embarrassment into a further explanation for their beliefs, they saved the world)