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Lecture 2

PSY100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Piggy Bank, The Betsy, Cognitive Psychology

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Connie Boudens

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Lecture 2 - 01/14/13
The Foundations of Cognitive Psychology
35% midterm
35% final
30% quizzes and assignments
Check online for syllabus later on
Also check chapter quizzes
Assignments would probably be stuff from the Workbook
The Scope of Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive psychology is the study of knowledge
Cognitive psychology is the way to study memories, perception and attention of items which we
look at the study of stimuli. Language. Language is always important. Knowledge and concept
formation. Knowledge is important as what we know but also how we understand things and
how concepts form. The textbook uses the everyday student life issues. We also talk about
problem solving, how we solve efficiently and correctly. Judgment and decision making; how do
we decide which things are better than others? Peer assessments help us on quality assessment,
it's how we decide what work is better than something else.
"Betsy wanted to bring Jacob a paper. She shook her refrigerator. it made no sound. She went to
look for her mother."
This doesn't make sense at all unless you have something at the back of your mind.
The Betsy and Piggy Bank example
This makes sense. Why? When you're getting a present, you're buying a present for someone,
you need money for that and you put that in a piggy bank. We know that shaking it means we
want to get it out of the piggy; more change than bills.
Memory and understanding have a lot to do with more than writing an exam, etc. We need our
memory for a lot of things. There's different types.
He was someone who suffered from seizures in his 20s, he had surgery to reduce his seizures. It
ended up giving him a type of amnesia where he could no longer form new memories. It didn't
affect his lifespan. The way he acted was so unique that in psychology, people decided to study
him and his responses. It was a curious question. After his surgery, he remembered mostly
everything from prior to the surgery, at least his childhood growing up. He no longer formed
new memories post-surgery. After a little while, he wouldn't remembered that he had met you,
etc. This was one piece of evidence that Working Memory was affected. The reason is that
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