PSY100H1 Lecture Notes - Palmistry, Unconscious Mind, Libido

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Page:
of 6
Lecture 1
Personality Psychology
Part I
o Overview
Syllabus
25 lectures, 25 text questions
o Course description
Prologue the origin theories
The scientific study of the person
Level I. Personality Traits/ Disposotions “Sketching the outline”
General, internal, and comparative dispositions accounting for the consistencies we precieve or
except in behaviour across situations and time
o Person-situation controversy
o Heredity-environment controversy
o Continuity vs. change of traits over time
Level II. Characteristic adaptation “filling in the details
o Adaptations to the motivational, cognitive, and developmental challenges that people
confront across the life span.
Goals & strivings
The self & social cognition
Stages of life-span development
Level III. Life stories “integrating a life”
o Internalized and evolving narratives of the self that integrate past, present, and future
to provide life with a sense of unity and purpose
Imagery, theme, character
Standards of good life-story form
Psychotherapy as revision of the life story
Overview of Part II
Constructs, theories & testable hypothesis
Desiderata for a theory of personality
The legacy of Sigmund Freud
Scientific theories
Explicitly defined CONSTRUCTS
Linked by correspondence RULES how one construct is connected to another
Specifying testable HYPOTHESES testable prediction, how things in world should be related to
eachother
Non-scientific theories
Astrology fails to make prediction that can be falsified
Palmistry ( palm-reading)
Our implicit personality theories
Formalizing an informal theory: “ Dependency is unhealthy”
Dependency
o Reassurance-seeking
o Feeling of loneliness
o Fears of abandonment
Personal health
o Physical health
o Emotional health
o Spiritual health
Correspondence rule
Dependency
Personal health
Reassurance-seeking
Physical health
Feelings of loneliness
Emotional health
Fears of abandonment
Spiritual health
Sample Dependency items (DEQ):
“if someone I cared about became angry
Very wide range if these were administered to the class of 300-400 students
In fact, dependency and negative affect are only slightly correlated
Connectedness vs. Neediness
We would revise out our hypothesis
Desiderata for a scientific theory of personality
Coherent, testable & empirically most important
Comprehensive & parsimonious
Useful & generative
A theory must be logical, parts need to hang together, how all constructs hang together as a whole, if
incoherent
Hypothesis need to be testable, theory must tell what kinds of conditions need to be meet
Empirical fact,
Comprehensive range of explanatory factor, we prefer the theory that is more comprehensive, explain
more than less
Parsimonious- simplicity, economy of explanation, elegance, fewer constructs is better
Balancing against eachother
Useful- prefer theory that provide solutions, psychotherapy came from this
Generative- excites people, generates research, makes people think of their types of research
The legacy of Sigmund freud
1856-1939
Started out as a neurology researcher, inner conflicts in patients
Introduced the idea of unconscious processes and the “talking cure
His Complete Works spans 23 volumes
Only complete account of human nature
A dream- hope, aspiration
Summary of Part II
Theories consist of CONSTRUCTS that organize referents, or observations of reality.
o Constructs are linked via CORRESPONDENCE RULES that state the relationships between
them.
o Correspondence rules should be stated explicitly to allow TESTABLE HYPOTHESES to be
derived from them.
o All other things being equal, we prefer the theory that is:
o Coherent, Testable, & Empirically Valid
o Comprehensive & Parsimonious

Document Summary

25 lectures, 25 text questions: course description. General, internal, and comparative dispositions accounting for the consistencies we precieve or except in behaviour across situations and time: person-situation controversy, heredity-environment controversy, continuity vs. change of traits over time. Characteristic adaptation filling in the details : adaptations to the motivational, cognitive, and developmental challenges that people confront across the life span. Internalized and evolving narratives of the self that integrate past, present, and future to provide life with a sense of unity and purpose. Psychotherapy as revision of the life story. Specifying testable hypotheses testable prediction, how things in world should be related to. Linked by correspondence rules how one construct is connected to another eachother. Astrology fails to make prediction that can be falsified. Formalizing an informal theory: dependency is unhealthy . Dependency: reassurance-seeking, feeling of loneliness, fears of abandonment. Personal health: physical health, emotional health, spiritual health. Very wide range if these were administered to the class of 300-400 students.