PSY100H1 Lecture Notes - Panic Attack, Temporal Lobe, Behaviorism

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Lecture 1 20/09/2012 08:11:00
Will to pay attention to one thing, introspection describe what their
thoughts were
Edward Tichener study consciousness bringing it down to components,
expectations and limitations
William James disagreed believed the stream of consciousness
change is very personnel not a static thing
Mind was adaptive survive and adapt to the environment
Functionalists still important way to think about things
Behaviorism focus on peoples overt behavior, what we could see
is not only the ones mind but ones behavior
Watson behavior nurture side an environment in which it made you
who you are brought up a certain way
Skinner token economies practice done in institutions token
for people who had good behavior teaching people how to do
things like a puppy given treats when a “trick” is performed
Mental processes, common of revolution 1970’s – understanding
behavior, not just environment but also the inner mind and the
workings
Four ways of knowing about the world the observation of science
What is science?
1. Determinism: not random but systematic without it theories
doesn’t make sense, orderly systematic for any theory to surface
Have 2 or more variables - Variable: varies, different from
individual to individual
2. Empiricism: to find out and understand by going out and getting
first hand experience
3. Parsimony: two competing theories 2 theories explaining the
same thing, we favor the simplest explanations, fewest
assumptions
4. Testability: has to be testable to be conformed and tested, has
the availability to confirmed and tested with results.
Falsifiability must be possible to disprove a theory or hypothesis can be
disproven by evidence
Falsifiable never going to be a scientific theory because no one
can ever prove it to be false
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2013-04-15
Operational definitions figuring out a way to measure something
that otherwise wouldn’t be able to measure
Some variables will be defined temperature, height, weight
Variables not-defined constructs that cannot be directly observed,
how extraverted, anxiety, explaining behavior
Ex. Intoxication take someones blood alcohol, operational define
- not feeling drunk at that level, behavioral measure walking in a
straight line
Self reported measure they report upon questionnaires indicate
how intoxicated they are themselves
A single study even a brilliant single study on its own, does not
tell you much slow process, lots of studies before a theory starts
establishing
Control given to the experimentalists
Descriptive studies naturalistic observation go out in the world
and passively observing the world, observing how people act, we
are not having any contact
Participant observation involved with them interact and
communicate with the people
False hypothesis - not to test hypothesis but to come up with based
on own intuition and others research work and papers
Correlational study doesn’t involve manipulation – finding 2
variables looking and looking for any differences, out there just
to collect data
Correlation DOES NOT allow us to make causational claims ex.
Can’t claim that the billboards regarding less violence lead to less
violence
Third variable problem usually what we don’t think about or
haven’t thought about – ex. Population
Relationships between variables
Correlation between depression and suicide
Rely on correlation - to avoid unethical experiments
Experiments independent variable manipulated, manipulated by
the researcher
Dependent variable variable being measured assuming change
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2013-04-15
Confound controlling for as many as we can unintentional
varying along the independent variables alternative students
threats to our experiments reduce our ability to make strong
clausal changes
Random sample each member
Random assignment a true experiment, every participant has an
equal chance as every body else
Reactivity Hawthorne make people not know we are observing
Open ended any type of response
Close ended survey check a box, limit response
Self-report bias people who know researchers will read their
response they will change their responses change anything they
might think is sensitive come up with ways to avoid
Have a bunch of different questions only look at a few questions
Better then average down grade
Stoop effect
ZAPS: NQ4WK83V
Response performance
Same or differ stimulus judgment
Correct or incorrect response response accuracy
Speed of response reaction time
Different stimuli causes different brain scan changes
Oxygen levels, glucose levels to see difference in psychological axis’s
Crossing levels of analysis cultural, across different culture
Social imagining with others, actions
Personality
Biological physical, biological difference between people
Understanding in all levels
How well on test biological genetics individual, how well they
studied for the test social, performing in a group of people, social
identity, thinking about other people cultural, how they value
education, how hard they’ll study.
Cultural Hollywood culture, us culture
Social nature of relationship
Individual personality, age, self esteem
Biological - sexual desire hormones
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Document Summary

Will to pay attention to one thing, introspection describe what their thoughts were. Edward tichener study consciousness bringing it down to components, expectations and limitations. William james disagreed believed the stream of consciousness change is very personnel not a static thing. Mind was adaptive survive and adapt to the environment. Functionalists still important way to think about things. Behaviorism focus on peoples overt behavior, what we could see is not only the ones mind but ones behavior. Watson behavior nurture side an environment in which it made you who you are brought up a certain way. Skinner token economies practice done in institutions token for people who had good behavior teaching people how to do things like a puppy given treats when a trick is performed. Mental processes, common of revolution 1970"s understanding behavior, not just environment but also the inner mind and the workings. Four ways of knowing about the world the observation of science.

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