PSY100H1 Lecture Notes - Little Albert Experiment, B. F. Skinner, Operant Conditioning

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
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Chapter 6
Audio recording started: 11:13 AM October-12-10
Ivan Pavlov
Was studying the salivary response of dogs when he noticed something interesting
Could observe the process of learning through how it affected behaviour
Classical conditioning
US - stimulus that the animal will naturally respond to (meat powder)
UR - response (salivating)
CR - response
Higher order conditioning
A neutral stimulus can become a conditioned stimulus be being paired with an already established CS
Learning to like
We like what we have been taught to like objects that have been associated in the past with positive
feelings
Classical conditioning in real life
Conditioning plays a big role in our emotional responses to objects, people, symbols, events and places
John B Watson
Pavlov influenced an American psychologist
1901, studied the white rat
Realized you can understand the rat without any need for introspection
Didn't need access to the rat's mind to figure out about the rat
1913 - wrote about Behaviourism in Psych Review "Psychology as the Behaviourist Views It"
Psychology as the behaviourist views it is a purely objective natural science. Its theoretical goal is the
prediction and control of behaviour. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods…"
"The behaviourist in his attempts to get a unitary scheme of animal response, recognizes no dividing line
between man and brute. The behaviour of man, with all of its refinement and complexity, forms only a
part of the behaviourist's total scheme of investigation"
Note: objective, prediction and control, animal research
Watson and the Rise of Behaviourism
Thought that the conditioned reflex was a model that would account for a wide variety of phenomena ..
Chapter 6
October-12-10
9:07 AM
New Section 1 Page 1
Thought that the conditioned reflex was a model that would account for a wide variety of phenomena ..
Even emotions!
New Section 1 Page 2
New Section 1 Page 3