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Lecture 9

PSY100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Parenting Styles, Developmental Psychology, Behaviorism

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Ashley Waggoner Denton

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PSY100H1S: Intro to Psych
Tues Feb 5 2019
developmental psychology focuses on physiological, cognitive, and social changes
that occur in individuals across the lifespan
senses & reflexes present at birth:
sight, smell, sound, taste, touch
grasping, rooting, sucking, etc.
attachment: strong, emotional connection that persists over time/across
adaptive encourages proximity between child & mother
role of oxytocin
Harlow monkeys:
mom as milk vs. mom as comfort
contradicted behaviorist perspective
parenting styles:
authoritative: most effective/beneficial, rules & structure (high expectations)
but responsive to child
high demandingness, high responsiveness
neglectful: most harmful
low responsiveness, low demandingness (check out, indifferent)
permissive: indulgent, lack of structure
high responsiveness, low demandingness
authoritarian: strict, lack of responsiveness
high demandingness, low responsiveness
universal/ecological development
importance of considering social/cultural influences on development
continuity vs discontinuity
is development a smooth, continuous process, or does it occur in
discontinuous stages?
some “stage” theories support continuous development (Erikson)
Erikson’s psychosocial model
lifespan theory of development, each stage features a development challenge
that must be confronted in order to successfully progress
birth-2 years: trust vs mistrust
adolescence: identity vs role confusion
early adulthood: intimacy vs isolation
infancy —> adolescence —> old age
basic trust vs mistrust
autonomy vs doubt
initiative vs guilt
industry vs inferiority
identity vs confusion
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