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Lecture

Depression

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Depression
90% of people will resolve their depression themselves, without any diagnosis
50% tend to relapse at some point in the ir lives
has a lot to do with dopamine and seratonin
Cognitive Factors:
A lot of hopelessness and disempowerment
Begin to feel as if they are isolated and everything is their fault and they cant fix their
situation
Tend to catastrophize and globalize everything
--disorders are common
--they are not different fromnormal, they are an extension of normal: we have elements
of schizophrenia and depression, etc. we just may not be to the same extreme
--there is no solid line between normal and abnormal
--disorders have a variety of causes, ranging from biological to cognitive, to
interpersonal, to the larger circumstances in peoples lives
Treatment:
Have come a long way from when people withdisorders used to be locked up
We know that treatment is possible:talk therapy” eg. Psychodynamic approaches
The importance of expressing ones thoughts and feelings: Pennebakers expression
through jour naling—people are very capable of healing t hemselves just through
expression and understanding the ir situation(s), circumstance(s), themselves in general
Drugs are also an option (eg. Bipolar disorders, schizophrenia
Behaviour modification (eg. ABA; token economies) and specific behavioura l
interventions (eg. Play therapy, social skills, training, exercise and nutrition)
Cognitive behavioural therapy
Multiple Approaches: a system perspective—dr ugs in combination with CBT, social
skills and life skills training, family systems approach (with alcoholism, this is very
effective treatment) dealing with relationships between family members and fr iends and
the person with the disorder
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy:
A combination of cognitive and behavioural approaches
cognitiveL sees disorder rooted in dysfunctional habits of thought
beliefs that others dont like you
that people are ignoring the m, dont like them, etc.
behavioural:
withdrawal from social situations
inability to initiate conversation
high anxiety in social situations, easily embarrassed and f lustered
ignored in 20
th
century psych. We can strengthen peoples ability to control themselves and
strengthening your attentional control system
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Description
Depression 90% of people will resolve their depression themselves, without any diagnosis 50% tend to relapse at some point in their lives has a lot to do with dopamine and seratonin Cognitive Factors: A lot of hopelessness and disempowerment Begin to feel as if they are isolated and everything is their fault and they cant fix their situation Tend to catastrophize and globalize everything --disorders are common --they are not different from normal, they are an extension of normal: we have elements of schizophrenia and depression, etc. we just may not be to the same extreme --there is no solid line between normal and abnormal --disorders have a variety of causes, ranging from biological to cognitive, to interpersonal, to the larger circumstances in peoples lives Treatment: Have come a long way from when people with disorders used to be locked up We know that treatment is possible: talk therapy eg. Psychodynamic approaches The importance of expressing ones thoughts and feelings: Pennebakers expression through journalingpeople are very capable of healing themselves just through expression and understanding their situation(s), circumstance(
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