Lecture 1 Reading
PSY100- Lecture 1 R
•Psychological Science is the study of mind, brain, and behaviour. Four themes
characterize psychological science:
oIt is cumulative, in that principles are established on the basis of incremental
advances in knowledge obtained through research.
oA biological revolution has been energizing psychological research. Ex.
Mapping of the human genome, technology that allows researchers to observe
the working brain in action
oPsychological science has also been heavily influenced in recent years by
evolutionary psychology, which argues that the brain has evolved to solve
oAlthough psychological scientists share the common goal of understanding
mind, brain, and behaviour, they do so by focusing on the same problems at
different levels of analysis.
•Mind-body problem: a fundamental psychological issue that considers whether
mind and body are separate and distinct or whether the mind is simply the
subjective experience of the physical brain.
•Dualism: the philosophical idea that the mind exists separately from the physical
•Functionalism: an approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose, or
function, of mind and behaviour
•Structuralism: the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic
underlying components or elements.
•The foundations of psychological science emerged from philosophical and physiology.
•It was the behaviourists who claimed that the study of mind was to subjective and
•Psychologists study the mind, brain and behaviour across different levels of analysis
and often identify themselves within various subdisciplines of psychology.