Pleasant music increases brain chemical, serotonin, relevant to mood. [effect
Nature-Nurture debate: whether psychological characteristics are due to nature or
Schizophrenia- have unusual thoughts, and bipolar disorder-dramatic mood
It was assumed the causes for these diseases were nurture BUT drugs helped
discovered that these diseases are also heritable, and it is both nature (the way
their brain functions) and nurture
Many mental disorders result from events in life, posttraumatic stress disorder,
but this can also be caused by having a predisposition of getting the disorder
Mind-Body Problem: whether the minds are body are separate or intertwined?
Rene Descartes- promoted first theory that the mind and body were intertwined
“reflex” predictable action, and he concluded that the rational mind, was
separate from body
Charles Darwin natural selection, survival of the fittest. [finches on the galpagos
Wundt- products of the physiological actions of the brain take time to complete, studied
speeds at which tasks were completed. He developed method of introspection:
systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that require people to inspect
and report of things ( blueness of sky)
Tichener- used methods of introspection to develop structuralism: conscious
experience can be studied when it is broken down into its underlying component. His
approach was also functionalism: concerned with adaptive purpose or function of mind.
Jon Dewey= thought student properly rather than mind drilling
Critic of structuralism, James, noted that the mind consisted of a continuous
series of thoughts, stream of consciousness.
Gestalt theory- the whole is different from the sum of its parts, two people can look at
the same object and see two different things.