6 Apr 2011
School
Department
Course
Learning
-Early 1900s resistance to dominant paradigms in psytch
- Introspection and Freudian psychoanalysis
-Psych try scientific experiemental
-Focus on observable aspects of human exp -> focus on behavior
Ivan Pavolv
-Nobel prize winning physiologist, famous for work on digestive system
-Studying salivary response of dogs when noticed they began salivating before presented
with food
-Led to realization that could study how animals learned about their environment, observe
process of learning……
- Invented classical conditioning
-Stimulus that animal will naturally respond to (eg meat powder) = US
-Response (salivating = UR
-New neutral stimiuls paired with US (bell) = CS
-Response (salivating, not quite as powerful usually) = CR
DL&print notes…
Higher order conditioning
-Neutral stimulus can become conditioned stiumuls by being paired with established CS
-May explain why some words trigger emotional responses, inflame anger, evoke
-Eg trailer trash, loser, DP, hick, sterotypes
-Leafs fan positive association
-Home cash win lust mom
Learning to like
Sentimental feelings from objects assoc with positive feelings in past
Classical conditioning in real life
-Conditioning big role in emotional responses
-Eg. YAWN.
-Attractive people; positive feelings paired with product (ad)
-Doesnt have to make sense , hit different assoc
Pavlov’s Legacy
-Classical,,,,,,
John B. Watson
-Pavlov influenced American psychologist,
-1901 studied white ratsEUREKA understand rat without need for introspection
-Mentions ephiphany to James Angell (functionalist) who tells him off
-1908 behaviorism talk at Yale but booed, begins oublishing perspective on behaviorism
through psych review (Psychologist as Behaviorist Views it)
-Purely objective natural science, prediction and control of behavior theoretical goal,
introspection forms no essential part of its methods
-No dividing line between man and brute
-Objective, prediction and control, animal research
- Influenced by Pavlov and other Russian
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Early 1900s resistance to dominant paradigms in psytch. Focus on observable aspects of human exp -> focus on behavior. Nobel prize winning physiologist, famous for work on digestive system. Studying salivary response of dogs when noticed they began salivating before presented with food. Led to realization that could study how animals learned about their environment, observe process of learning . Stimulus that animal will naturally respond to (eg meat powder) = us. New neutral stimiuls paired with us (bell) = cs. Response (salivating, not quite as powerful usually) = cr. Neutral stimulus can become conditioned stiumuls by being paired with established cs. May explain why some words t rigger emotional responses, inflame anger, evoke . Eg trailer trash, loser, dp, hick, sterotypes. Sentimental feelings from objects assoc with positive feelings in past. Attractive people; positive feelings paired with product (ad) Doesn"t have to make sense , hit different assoc. 1901 studied white rats eureka understand rat without need for introspection.

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