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Lecture

PSY100 - Personality


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Personality
Big Five
Search for stable attributes of self
Long, contentious, influential history
Argued aobut how useful personality constructs are, ranging from attributing much
of our experience and behaviour to the influence of stable dispositional factors, to
arguing that traits are so unstable across time and situation that they have very
little utility
Freud
Launched study of personality by developing complex theory of personality based on
in-depth analysis of patients
Few today consider themselves Freudians, left enduring legacy
Defences, repression, Freudian slips
Three Structures
oId: seat of passions, Caliban, basic drives, pleasure, life force, accelerator
oSuperego: conscience, morality and social norms, brakes
oEgo: mediator, decision maker, balance
Examining the conflicts thought to produce great insights into motivation and
behaviour
Eg ego many strategies to help explain behaviour or events; coping strategies and
defence mechanisms
Cognitive Dissonance
Ego defences explored in power theory
Eg Festinger and Carlsmith dissonance ($1 vs $20) [dull task, $1 -> change
perception; explain behaviour to self, justify by changing perception boring-
>interesting]
We like what ewe suffer for (hazing rituals, foor-in-the-door and cults, war-time
friendships, embarrassment)
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