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Lecture

Lecture 1

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Psychology Lecture 1September 10, 2009
Three Fundamental Insights of Psychology
1.Reality is a story, told to us by our brains. We never really live in
reality.
Your brain is an artist and creates a representation of the world for you.
Our experiences do not reflect reality itself but rather a construction, or
representation of reality.
-We only have access to a limited subset of reality.
-The limitations of our sensory –perceptual system are due to:
The sensitivity of our sensory mechanisms.
Our attention capacity
We cannot try to figure out the whole picture while we can only
interpret a few pieces of data
-Perception is what happens internally based on the limited amount of info at
your disposal.
-Reality will not always agree with our perception.
How does the mind perceive reality?
-The story of the man in the Congo > perception (ants to water buffalo)
-The constructive world hypothesis > you can only see the world as the world
you grew up in
-We dont live in the real world, but in a constructed world.
-This construction process involves interpreting patterns of sensory
information with pre existing patterns stored in the brain.
2.We have a limited capacity to process information
-Therefore, we have to take shortcuts.
-We rely upon heuristics or rules of thumb, when engaging in reasoning and
decision-making.
-Stereotypes: our beliefs about different social groups (basically a mental
shortcut) (e.g. rich people raise spoiled, snobby, selfish kids who look down on
others and only care about themselves; VS rich people raise confident,
interesting, empowered kids, who are likely to be successful, as well as caring
about using their gifts and abilities to help others.
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Description
Psychology Lecture 1 September 10, 2009 Three Fundamental Insights of Psychology 1. Reality is a story, told to us by our brains. We never really live in reality. Your brain is an artist and creates a representation of the world for you. Our experiences do not reflect reality itself but rather a construction, or representation of reality. -We only have access to a limited subset of reality. -The limitations of our sensory perceptual system are due to: The sensitivity of our sensory mechanisms. Our attention capacity We cannot try to figure out the whole picture while we can only interpret a few pieces of data -Perception is what happens internally based on the limited amount of info at your disposal. -Reality will not always agree with our perception. How does the mind perceive reality? -The story of the man in the Congo
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