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Lecture 11

Lecture 11

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Lecture 11 October 22
How Emotions, Thoughts, and Behaviours Interact
We cant ultimately separate reason from emotion
How do stereotypes behaviours?
Bargh, Chen, Burrows (1996)
In the mid-90s, a study was done looking at the stereotype of elderly
Priming: implanting a construct in peoples minds
They primed elderly or neutral through sentence-unscrambling task
Elderly prime: old, grey, wise, bingo, Florida, wrinkle, ancient, knits, etc
Neutral prime: regular sentences
They are told the experiment is over and they can leave
They watched the speed at which people walked
How long did it take them to walk to the elevator?
Ppl that were primed for elderly walked slower!
Simply associating ppl with words will form a construct in their heads and
affect their behaviours
Bargh, Chen, Burrows (1996) another study
Flash pics of black faces or white faces subliminally, while subjects perform
a computer task
Task: 4 to 25 circles will appear in a little square on screen. Task is to
judge as quickly as possible whether there are an odd or even number of
circles
130 trials later F11 error: failure saving data, experimenter says they
will have to start over
How hostile, angry, uncooperative were subjects?
Ppl that were flashed black faces were more hostile
How can you control cognitive, behavioural, emotional processes?
Positive and Negative Emotions: Is Happiness the Opposite of Sadness?
They are 2 separate systems of psychological processes
They occur independently in different brain areas
Associated w/ different neural & motivational processes
www.notesolution.com
E.g., positive affect: dopamine and approach motivation (wanting to do well
on the next test), seizing opportunities, promotion orientation, success
striving, happiness
E.g., negative affect: Norepinephrine and avoidance motivation (not
screwing up on the next test), preventing problems, prevention orientation,
depression & anxiety
Emotion cognition (emotions drive thoughts), attention, memory, biased
processing, persuasion
Cognition emotion (thoughts drive emotions), happy vs. sad, memory,
attributions (meanings)
Physiology emotion (physiology drives emotions) arousal & posture
Schachter-Singer two-factor theory of emotion:
Emotion = physiological markers + cognitive interpretation (label)
combination of how you interpret physiological states
Does arousal play a role in falling in love?
E.g., dating self-disclosure uncertainty/vulnerability arousal
Emotional Well-being
Emotions are important determinants of our well-being
Subjective well-being = presence of positive emotions
+ Absence of negative emotions
+ Overall life satisfaction
Negative emotions avoidance coping strategies self-destructive
behaviours
Stress involves negative emotions and is bad for your health
The Nun study:
Short autobiographies written when they joined the convent (age 18-32)
Coded for amount of positive and negative emotional content
60 years later, how long did they live?
Note: similar health behaviours, etc. over their lives
They did over 9 years of mortality surveillance
42% died, you can predict who died by reading their autobiographies
The bottom 25% of positive emotion were 2.5 times more likely to die, and
lives 6.9 years less
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 11 October 22 How Emotions, Thoughts, and Behaviours Interact We cant ultimately separate reason from emotion How do stereotypes behaviours? Bargh, Chen, Burrows (1996) In the mid-90s, a study was done looking at the stereotype of elderly Priming: implanting a construct in peoples minds They primed elderly or neutral through sentence-unscrambling task Elderly prime: old, grey, wise, bingo, Florida, wrinkle, ancient, knits, etc Neutral prime: regular sentences They are told the experiment is over and they can leave They watched the speed at which people walked How long did it take them to walk to the elevator? Ppl that were primed for elderly walked slower! Simply associating ppl with words will form a construct in their heads and affect their behaviours Bargh, Chen, Burrows (1996) another study Flash pics of black faces or white faces subliminally, while subjects perform a computer task Task: 4 to 25 circles will appear in a little square on screen. Task is to judge as quickly as possible whether there are an odd or even number of circles 130 trials later F11 error: failure saving data, experimenter says they will have to start over How hostile, angry, uncooperative were subjects? Ppl that were flashed black faces were more hostile How can you control cognitive, behavioural, emotional processes? Positive and Negative Emotions: Is Happiness the Opposite of Sadness? They are 2 separate systems of psychological processes They occur independently in different brain areas Associated w different neural & motivational processes www.notesolution.com
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