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Lecture 19

Lecture 19

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Psychology Lecture 19 November 26
Social Psychology
Uncertainty and Social Norms
-When situations are ambiguous and were not sure what to do or what is right, we rely
upon others to make these judgments, and we come to believe in these judgments
Sherif’s studies of the autokinetic effect
-The autokinetic effect is an optical illusion: in a dark room, a single point of light will,
after a period of time, appear to move back and for th. How far does the light move?
Asch study of comparing the lines:
-75% of time people confor m at some point
-1/3 of time people conform at any given time
The power of groups
How many people does it take to get us to confor m?
-From 3 to 16, people will confor m. Increasing the size beyond three doesnt really do
anyt hing
How diff icult is it to empower someone to resist nor mative pressures?
-Even if you have a group of 5 people, if even one person gives the r ight answer, most
people will give the right answer
-Even if dissenter is wrong they w ill still tend to resist the group pressure
-Therefore, g roups are most powerful when they are unanimous. But break this
unanimity and people will be more likely to go their own way
The Power of the Situation
-What happens when people are put into situations involving social inf luence, foot in
the door technique pluralistic ignorance, depersonalization, labeling, power,
uncertainty, authority, etc
-Will ‘normal people do evil things?
Zimbardo Prison Study (Stanford)
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Description
Psychology Lecture 19 November 26 Social Psychology Uncertainty and Social Norms - When situations are ambiguous and were not sure what to do or what is right, we rely upon others to make these judgments, and we come to believe in these judgments Sherifs studies of the autokinetic effect - The autokinetic effect is an optical illusion: in a dark room, a single point of light will, after a period of time, appear to move back and forth. How far does the light move? Asch study of comparing the lines: - 75% of time people conform at some point - 13 of time people conform at any given time The power of groups How many people does it take to get us to conform? - From 3 to 16, people will conform. Increasing the size beyond three doesnt r
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