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Lecture

Lecture 21

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Psychology Lecture 21 December 3
Cultural Psychology
-Historically, psychology has been a Western-dominated science.
-We know that there is tremendous variability within cultures, as well as some
consistency
-E.g., all cultures speak a language with between 10-70 phonemes,
-E.g., all people smile when happy
-E.g., all cultures have a word for “black”
-Not all cultures understand number 5
-Not all cultures have a word for “blue
Cultures Provide Frameworks for Meaning
-E.g., a college student goes out for a cappuccino. What does this mean?
-A chance to quench her thirst
-Screw my diet!
-To meet someone
-To wake herself up
-BUT in some cultures, it is not appropriate for women to go to coffee shops on their
own
-Some cultures think it is sinful to use artificial stimulants to wake your self up
Cultures as Adaptation
Are people more violent in the West and South America than in the North and the East?
-Archival Data:
oMore argument-related murders in South
oHawkish” International policy, right to bear arms, capital punishment
-Survey Data:
oE.g., killing in defense of your home, or to avenge an attacked family member
(23% vs. 47%); hiring a murderer if related to honour.
The Culture of Honour
Experiment:asshole study”; % change in testosterone: control vs. experiement (walking
down a hall, someone insults you)
-North: 4% 5% (testosterone basically doesnt change whether they are control or
not)
-South: 4% 12% (testosterone rises dramatically)
-Chicken study (linebacker walks down the hall): control vs. experiment
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Description
Psychology Lecture 21 December 3 Cultural Psychology - Historically, psychology has been a Western-dominated science. - We know that there is tremendous variability within cultures, as well as some consistency - E.g., all cultures speak a language with between 10-70 phonemes, - E.g., all people smile when happy - E.g., all cultures have a word for black - Not all cultures understand number 5 - Not all cultures have a word for blue Cultures Provide Frameworks for Meaning - E.g., a college student goes out for a cappuccino. What does this mean? - A chance to quench her thirst - Screw my diet! - To meet someone - To wake herself up - BUT in some cultures, it is not appropriate for women to go to coffee shops on their own - Some cultures think it is sinful to use ar
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