1890 first psych class at university of toronto. Wilhelm wundt-- psychology as the scientific study of conscious experience. (first psychology lab in germany. He is given the honour of formally founding psychology. Edward titchener- focused on describing a conscious experience. Charles darwin"s theory of natural selection played a significant role in the development of both functionalism and behaviourism. Want toe understand the mind rather than provide a static description of its contents. (wanted to know the functions of the mind. ) Accepted both mental processes and behaviour as legitimate subject matter for psychology. Thought it was crazy to break down consciousness. He did not think it could be divided. Behaviourism- john watson: should only be studying observable behaviour. Watson believed the goalof psychology should be the prediction and control of behaviour. B. f skinner and free will-- believed free will was an illusion, all of our behaviour is determined by our environment.