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PSY220H1 (200)
Lecture

Cognitive Dissonance, Ought-Ideal Self, Self-Perception Theory. ATTENTION- SHORT NOTES.


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY220H1
Professor
Jason Plaks

Page:
of 2
Diff between high and no choice vinegar KA
Couldn’t attribute what their wrote to the experimenter and needed to explain
This supports Festinger's claim that mere inconsistency is enough to provoke CD
Motivation vs Cognition Dissonance
Bem:
Self-perception theory
Our attitudes in life are mostly unclear
Thus we look at out behav to infer our attitudes
I.e. change in attitude not caused by CD but by rational observation
So which is it?
Fazio argues both are correct:
a) When behav is highly discrepant - dissonance
b) When somewhat - observation
Higgins
Ought = Festinger's cognitive dissonance
Ideal - we do not feel cognitive dissonance
Ought - homeostasis - keeping at zero
Ideal - above zero
Experiment:
The greater the ideal discrepancy the greater the dejection
The greater the ought discrepancy the greater the agitation
Positive events - no discrepancy so null
Those ideal focuses focus on positives, those ought focus on negatives (absence
and presence for both).