May 16.docx

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4 Apr 2012
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May 16, 2011
1st class
social psychology
final exam date: June 29
The scientific study of the reciprocal influence of the individual and his or her social
environmentcomprised of measurable attributes
Attitudes behavior---other people (and their thoughts feeling, attitudes and
Social psychology-a foothold in abstract theory and concrete practice
Social psychology is not like chemistry or physics: we traffic in probabilities,
likelihood and correlations, rather than absolute laws
Don’t mean it is true for all ppl, but it is greater than chance-extract basic patterns of
human behavior-statistical reliable despite the enormous variability
Need to verify common sense, sometimes grandma is wrong-verify ppl’s intuition
Can 1. How minds work
2. improve ourselves
example: rolling cigar-20 ppl at first
increase ppl, will it affect individual cigar output?
Hypothesis: opposing
How to get into ppl’s head
Ask ppl to respond to survey
Indirect method
Social facilitation:
How’s ppl behavior difft in the presence of ppl?
Triplett: children work alone or in a group.
Which is faster? Side by side is faster
Zajonc: the presence of others increases arousal measurements
Energizes and facilitates the dominant response the behavior that
comes most quickly and easily given a particular stimulus)
Activates the thoughts and motor responses
But on a poorly-learned task, hamper
An audience should improve ur performance on task that r easy for u and hamper ur
performance on tasks that are more difficult
The cockroach experiment: influence the insects as well
Easy maze easy task performance increase with the audience
Hard maze-difficult task-performance decrease with the audience
Merely exposure is sufficient
Cottrell: evaluation apprehension experiment-only ppl in position to evaluate u-
Schmitt: typewriter
Blind and deaf personnot evaluate position-social facilitation
Normal person-evaluate
Against Cottrell
Baran-distraction conflictmove away attention from taskdistraction leads to
increase arousal-presence of others always impedes performance on difficult
tasks, but the number of distractions in the environment either improves or
impedes the performance on simple tasks
Is it social
is mere presence
zajonc cottrell baron
y y n
y n n