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Lecture

Lecture 1


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY230H1
Professor
Maja Djikic

Page:
of 2
Low constraint: with friends, at home, at school
High constraint: classroom, funeral
Personality: distinct feelings that characterize a person’s adjustment to the demands of life, different conception of
person and therefor personality
Academic v. Clinical : academic setting uses the scientific method whereas the clinical setting uses case histories
Scientific places emphasis on verifiable, predictable, simplicity and usefulness. The philosophical statement places
emphasis on coherence, relevance and compellingness
Freud
1880s Vienna was male dominated, there was repression of sexuality and lack of contraception, corporal punishment
of children, Freud was the favourite son of a young mother
Freud had a travelling grant met Charcot who had treated Anna O. She had aggressive behaviour and linguistic
disorganization. Talking cure, neurosis arose from painful experiences caring for dying father. She faced blindness
b/c she had teary eyes when watching father. Eventually she worked for children’s rights.
Actual Neurosis: Neuroasthemia (masturbation)
Hysteria: sexual abuse, past obessions
1896: Father died, he felt a jealousy towards father. Was it because of his young mother or a general phenomenon
Id: repressed material, unconscious, negative. The superego is the ideal part of a person, watching, judging. The ego
is the mediator between the two. Language is ego. For example, the id would want meat pizza but the superego
would know that salad is better. The ego would be the translator and suggest a small slice of vegetable pizza with a
side of salad.
The ego has several defense mechanisms. They are repressing (costs energy to do this), denial (my cat’s not dead,
often done by children), reaction formation (doing the opposite of what you feel), displacement (take out your
feelings at someone who did nothing), projection (casting your feeling on other people), intellectualization (did
Freud do this?) and sublimation (e.g. sculptures)
Childhood Sexuality
Oral (0-1), gum it, intake is pleasure
Anal (1-3), hoard it or get rid of it (feces), control
Phallic (3-6): masturbation, Oedipus complex, male child worries father will castrate him, eventually identifies with
same gender parent and adopts their standards, female children have penis envy
Latency (7-12) avoid people of opposite sex
Unconscious material
Free association: relaxed on couch, says whatever comes to mind. Transference is love or hostility toward therapist,
past feeling.
Freud sees dreams as wish fufillment. Manifest content is what we see right away. Latent is buried deeper. Dreams
condense, displace and symbolize. Freud sees behaviours such as forgetting keys symbolic. Freudian slips are
mixing a word and saying what you unconsciously think.
Power of unconscious seen but some ideas rooted in cultural (e.g penis envy)