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Lecture 8

PSY230H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Semantic Network, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Fluid And Crystallized Intelligence


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY230H1
Professor
Amanda Sharples
Lecture
8

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Lecture 8
There are different levels of representations of yourself.
Basic level is the minimal self. Separation: you are separate from the floor that you are standing
on, so you are a separate entity. (we know this since we are very young)
Objectified self: this is actual ability to recognise that yourself as other people’s attention.
Other people can see you and have an idea who you are.
The symbolic self: later in our development, this sometimes called the narrative self. How we
think in abstract ways about who we are. Mental representations of ourselves through
language. (most relevant to the self-concept)
Self-concept
How do we measure the self?
The 20 statement of test.
There are 20 statement and define who you are.
Central trait. Could be negative and positive.
Relevant to yourself at now.
You can define on relationships, you are a good friend, best friend.
We need traits to define our self.
Could defined as a personal unique trait or a relationship trait.
Semantic network:
Attached meaning to something.
Schemas:
Framework that organize information.
Things we like to eat…
Semantic network: cheesy, tasty, food category.
Those are the category that we are
We can have this word that has been active and then there are other things will remind us of
this thing.
Personal Construct Theory
Different people pay different attention to the prof.
This is all shaped on the past experiences.
He defines this as bipolar.
But this is not always bipolar in the reality.
This could be in different order.
The depression is when the world is not meeting our expectations. And those words are how
we build the reality.
The reason is the explanatory factors.

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COGNITIVE-AFFECTIVE MODEL OF PERSONALITY
This is connected to the whole trail theory.
But sometimes, you might be agreeable, but sometimes she does not agreeable in certain
situation.
(agreeable, and less agreeable)
People influence by the situation, like in the exam period.
Our behaviour also related to the features of situation.
Encoding: based on your past experiences. Will explain how you encode the information.
Expectations and beliefs: you past experience will influences you later relationships.
Affects: some people are better at regulation our emotions better.
You might be someone on average…. But some situations…
Self-schema
You have something attaches to you. And something you are identify with.
Closer to the “me”. And father to the “me”
If you are thinking about “me” the things that are closer to me and connect are more likely to
be recalled than those that are further form the “me”
Self-schema
The traits are related in a way. It might be implicit.
People are quickly to responds to things that have defined them well.
Dependent or independent traits.
It takes longer for them to…
They categorize people into 3 groups.
It should take them longer to answer if the statement is not consistent with the self-schema.
The graph:
The lower bar is they responds quickly.
“not me” the independent are having a hard time. they tend to see themselves with
independence.
Possible self
Ideal self: The ideas that what you want to become. (could be relationships or career)
The neutral self: something you could be, for example you want to be successful, but you don’t
care.
Person that you don’t want to become.
POSSIBLE SELVES
Ought self: other people want you want to be.
Actual self and ideal self, and the ought self.
The distance between the ought self and the actual self: anciety.
You didn’t achieve that you want to achieve.
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