Cognitive approach: swing to what matters is the thinking. Unlikely candidate to have such an impact theoretically. An only child; his mother doted on him. Father a presbyterian minister and farmer who was forced to give up his ministry for reasons of health, but did occasionally follow his calling over the years. Parents devoutly religious, and always working to help the needy. Attended high school in wichita, kansas, living away from home much of the time after he was. Developed interest in psychology, and entered into graduate school at the university of iowa in. Worked in physiological psychology, but decided to drop it for more humanitarian work to see how it relates to the community. Worked hard on the development of psychological services for the state of kansas. He was a major force in establishing traveling psychological clinics. Major force in life was onset of world war ii.