Humanism: based on philosophy of phenomenology, cognitive = 4th way to think about psychologically; humanism = 3rd way. The only way for a science of psychology to understand anything is through the person"s subjective point of view. Nothing can be considered real, unless there is an agreement reached phenomenally by a number of subjective people. Problem: ex. dreams (you are only person experiencing it) Need a new language of description as well as new method of scientific investigation if to capture distinctively human, non-mechanistic course of action. Not introspection, because introspective psychologists assumed they were studying real or noumenal processes. Phenomenology focuses exclusively on the phenomenal aspects of experience, that include the essence of meaning (which lies in phenomenal, not noumenal, field of experience); ex. agree something is a chair so similar meaning to humans. To mean something: to translate as, to intend to sets of goals & values as my goal. Can agree about meanings when we have.