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Lecture 8

Lecture 8-Gender Identity


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY240H1
Professor
Neil Rector
Lecture
8

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Gender Identity
- individual sexual self-concept; feeling of being male or female
- influenced by:
- genetic makeup.
- physical makeup
- hormonal makeup
- parental/family influence
- social/cultural influence
- differs from sexual preference
Diagonising GID
- strong and persistent, cross-gender identification
- ]v]}u(}}µ}v[]PvÆ
- presence of clinically significant distress
- exclusion: schizophrenia (100% convinced vs. belief for GID), hermaphrodites (both male and female
genitalia)
- differencial: transvestism
- Z]o]Z]vÀ}oÀ]vP]vÁ}uv[o}Z]vP(}Ƶo}µovP](]]}v
Types of GID
- two types of GID in adults (more common in males than females)
- NON-transexual: uncomfortable with their sex, frequently cross dress, no desire to change
anatomy
-Transsexual: intense desire to change sexual identity and anatomical status
- occurs in homosexual and heterosexuals
- early onset about 3- puberty
GID in childhood
- most adults with GID report a history of cross-dressing behavior
- parents usually detect cross-gender behavior before age 3
Causes of GID
Biological: may cause by androgens (male hormone) deficiency in the prenatal brain in males and
androgen excess in females
Psychological/Family: cross-gender dress and behavior is encouraged and reinforced
Treatment for GID
Sex Reassignment Surgery
- accept transsexual identity as ^correct ^
- hormonal treatment, development of secondary sex characteristics, adopt cross-sex role for 2 years,
sex reassignment surgery
- more successful for male-> female
- OHIP stopped covering the surgery as of 1999
Sexual Identity Change
- positive reinforcement of sex appropriate behaviours (to match their biological sex) and punishment of
cross-sex behavior
-largely behavioural interventions to change behavior and patterns of sexual arousal
www.notesolution.com
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