Textbook note-Chapter 12-Personality Disorders Apr 1

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16 Aug 2010
PSY240: April 1
Chapter 12: Personality Disorders
๎€ personality: all the ways we have of acting, thinking and believing and feelings that make each of
us unique
๎€ personality trait: complex pattern of behaviour thoughts, and feelings that is stable across time
Defining and Diagnosing Personality Disorders
๎€ personality disorder
๎€ long standing patten of maladaptive thoughts, behaviours and feelings
๎€ must have shown symptoms since adolescence to early adulthood
๎€ placed in axis II of DSM but usually it is comorbid with a axis I disorder
๎€ cluster A: Odd-Eccentric Personality Disorder
๎€ symptoms like schizophrenia but they maintain grasp on reality
๎€ cluster B: Dramatic-Emotional Personality Disorders
๎€ tend to be volatile, manipulative, and uncaring in social relationships
๎€ cluster C: Anxious-Fearful Personality Disorder
๎€ little self confidence and have difficult relationship with others
Problems with DSM categories
๎€ lots of overlap
๎€ hard for clinicians to obtain personal information necessary for diagnosis
๎€ represent stable characteristics of an individual but they have been shown to change over time
Gender and Ethnic Biases in Construction and Application
๎€ clinicians may be quick to apply labels of:
๎€ cluster A disorders to women b/c the symptoms are flamboyant behaviour, emotionality, and
dependence on others is just a extreme stereotype of women
๎€ cluster B disorders to men b/c the symptoms are violent, hostile, overcontrolling behaviour is an
extreme of stereotype of men
๎€ antisocial, and paranoid diagnosis for African American b/c they perceive violence and hostility
Odd-Eccentric Personality Disorder
Paranoid Personality Disorder
๎€ mistrust of others
๎€ often notice little details no one else notices such as grimacing of the face and they spend great deal
of time trying to decipher these clues about other people's intentions
๎€ 0.5-5.6 prevalence rate
๎€ male:female = 3:1
๎€ indirect means by cognitive psychiatrists to try to alter the incorrect cognition but no not challenge
the belief directly
Schizoid Personality Disorder
๎€ lack desire to form relationships and are emotionally cold in interaction with others
๎€ rare disorder, prevalence rate: 0.4-1.7%
๎€ male: female = 3:1
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