Class Notes (923,199)
CA (543,146)
UTSG (45,887)
PSY (3,659)
PSY240H1 (253)
S.Cassin (41)
Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - Sexual Disorders and Dysfunctions. In two columns per page, printing two pages (in total four columns) per page side works well =)

7 Pages
129 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY240H1
Professor
S.Cassin

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
PSY240 Lecture 7: Sexual Disorders and
Dysfunctions
Sexual Behaviour
Changing views over time
oPermissive (14
th century Greece, females
enjoyed sex more than men) vs.
restrictive (western history)
Views towards sexual preferences vary
across cultures (ex. Big Pride Parade in
Toronto vs. not Alberta)
Diversity of sexual practices in human
societies (ex. Swinging clubs, bigamy,
strip clubs)
Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Orientation
some ppl define on continuum, most
ppl not on poles
Homosexual behaviour
Defined as sexual behaviour with
members of ones own sex
NOT a DSM diagnosis, was until DSM-III
even if no distress caused
Homosexual bhvr can exist w/o a
person having a homosexual
orientation
Homosexual orientation
Individuals who prefer to engage in
sexual activity with members of their
own sex over an extended period of
time
Homosexual experiences
Self identified as homosexual or
bisexual: Men 2.8%, Women 1.4%
(orientation)
Had sex with person of same sex at
least once since puberty: Men 5.3%,
Women 3.5% (bhvr)
Felt desire for sex with person of same
sex: Men 7.7%, Women 7.5%
Total reporting some same-sex desires
or experiences: men 10.1%, Women
8.6%
Self-report survey might not disclose
embarrassing bhvr
Bisexual behaviour
preferred partners are sometimes
same sex, sometimes opposite sex
NOT a DSM diagnosis
Identifying oneself as gay, lesbian, or
bisexual is associated with stigma
Associated with potential serious
psychological problems high suicide
rate
Some research says might be more
difficult for bisexuals higher rates of
psychological disorders
DSM Disorders
Sexual Disorders
Gender Identity Disorder
oPsychological dissatisfaction with
ones biological sex
Paraphilias
oSexual arousal occurs primarily in
response to inappropriate objects
or individuals, to the point where
difficult to be aroused in regular
sexual relationships
Sexual Dysfunctions
Disturbance in the process that
characterizes the sexual response
cycle or by pain associated with sexual
intercourse
Normal Sexual Function
Many opinions regarding what is
normal
oVaries by culture, age, etc.
Difficult to study response bias +
honesty with self-reports
Less research when was more
restricted to talk about
Research has led to better
understanding of sexual practices and
physiology in males and females
oMasters and Johnson first to
examine sexual physiology in
laboratory
o dispelled myths of sexual
response Ex. in masturbation vs.
intercourse similar reactions
masturbation used to be tabooed
Ex. No correlation btwn penis size
and sexual enjoyment
Ex. Same 4 stages for males and
females
Sex/Porn Addiction
www.notesolution.com
Hard to research response bias
According to large survey (Cooper et
all, 1999): 86% of responses = male
o15% population visit sexually
oriented websites
oMales prefer visual erotica, women
prefer chat rooms
o92% spend < 11hrs/wk
entertainment, less impact on
relationships
o8% who spend > 11hrs/wk reported
more psychological distress and
interference with other activities
oOver 60% in relationships, so many
ppl use these sites
oMale masturbation 20% daily, 33%
three times a week, 20% watch
porn daily, 87% watched porn in
last year
oCriticism of study: too scientific,
didnt focus on relationships
oPro: Did help define what is normal
Sexual Response Cycle Stages
Desire sexual urges occur in
response to sexual cues or fantasies,
physiological + cognitive +
behavioural components, interest in
sexual activity
Arousal/Excitement subjective sense
of sexual excitement, physiological
signs of sexual arousal, body prepares
for sexual activity; erection or vaginal
lubrication occurs
Plateau brief period of time before
orgasm
Orgasm peak of sexual pleasure,
cardiovascular increases in pulse,
inevitability of ejaculation, contraction
of vaginal walls, release of sexual
tension
Resolution return to normal
conditions following attainment of
orgasm
Males
oget to plateau quickly (quicker
arousal), remain there longer
before climaxing
oreach resolution quickly after orgasm
refractory period (sometimes
quicker than others)
Females
ogradually move to plateau
obegin climax once at plateau, climax
at same rate as men
oorgasm later than men
ogradually reach resolution but at
higher resolution arousal than
males longer resolution phase 
can have multiple orgasms
Sexual Dysfunctions
very common, most ppl experience but
often in response to stress
relate to stages of sexual response
cycle
overy few problems w/ plateau or
resolution phases
other sexual disorders are
predominated by pain, at any point of
cycle
may co-exist with relationship
difficulties but not necessarily
study of happily married couples
females: 48% difficulty of arousal, 49%
difficulty relaxing in intercourse, 33%
disinterested, males: 36% premature
ejaculation, 16% disinterested in sex
Categorized according to context,
length of time problem persists,
ecological factors (ex. Medical
conditions, psychological factors,
combinations)
At least 6 months for diagnosis, must
cause distress or relationship
problems, not given separate diagnosis
if directly associated with ecological
issue
Sexual Desire Disorders
Low sex drive, most common sexual
problem
Hypoactive sexual desire disorder
oMost common sexual problem, as
many as 20% of ppl
oDifficult to determine what qualifies
as hypoactive
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
PSY240 Lecture 7: Sexual Disorders and Identifying oneself as gay, lesbian, or Dysfunctions bisexual is associated with stigma Sexual Behaviour Associated with potential serious psychological problems high suicide Changing views over time oPermissive (14 century Greece, females rate enjoyed sex more than men) vs. Some research says might be more restrictive (western history) difficult for bisexuals higher rates of Views towards sexual preferences vary psychological disorders across cultures (ex. Big Pride Parade in Toronto vs. not Alberta) DSM Disorders Sexual Disorders Diversity of sexual practices in human societies (ex. Swinging clubs, bigamy, Gender Identity Disorder strip clubs) oPsychological dissatisfaction with ones biological sex Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Orientation Paraphilias some ppl define on continuum, most oSexual arousal occurs primarily in ppl not on poles response to inappropriate objects Homosexual behaviour or individuals, to the point where Defined as sexual behaviour with difficult to be aroused in regular members of ones own sex sexual relationships Sexual Dysfunctions NOT a DSM diagnosis, was until DSM-III even if no distress caused Disturbance in the process that Homosexual bhvr can exist wo a characterizes the sexual response person having a homosexual cycle or by pain associated with sexual orientation intercourse Homosexual orientation Normal Sexual Function Individuals who prefer to engage in Many opinions regarding what is normal sexual activity with members of their own sex over an extended period of oVaries by culture, age, etc. time Difficult to study response bias + Homosexual experiences honesty with self-reports Self identified as homosexual or Less research when was more bisexual: Men 2.8%, Women 1.4% restricted to talk about (orientation) Research has led to better understanding of sexual practices and Had sex with person of same sex at least once since puberty: Men 5.3%, physiology in males and females Women 3.5% (bhvr) oMasters and Johnson first to examine sexual physiology in Felt desire for sex with person of same sex: Men 7.7%, Women 7.5% laboratory Total reporting some same-sex desires o dispelled myths of sexual or experiences: men 10.1%, Women response Ex. in masturbation vs. 8.6% intercourse similar reactions Self-report survey might not disclose masturbation used to be tabooed embarrassing bhvr Ex. No correlation btwn penis size and sexual enjoyment Bisexual behaviour preferred partners are sometimes Ex. Same 4 stages for males and same sex, sometimes opposite sex females NOT a DSM diagnosis SexPorn Addiction www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit