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Lecture

Sexual Dysfunctions

7 Pages
112 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY240H1
Professor
S.Cassin

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Lecture 7 23:27
Sexual Disorders and Dysfunction
Sexual Behaviour
Changing views of sexual behaviour:
Change over time (permissive vs. restrictive)
Views toward sexual preferences vary across cultures
Diversity of sexual practices in human societies (i.e., swinging, bigamy, strip clubs)
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Orientation
Homosexual behaviour
Defined as a sexual behaviour with members of ones own sex
NOT a DSM diagnosis
Homosexual orientation
Individuals who prefer to engage in sexual activity with members of own sex over an extended
period of time.
Bisexual behaviours
Preferred partners are sometimes same sex, sometimes opposite sex.
NOT a DSM diagnosis
Identifying oneself as G, L, B is associated with stigma, and can also be associated with serious
psychological problems. High suicide rate.
DSM Disorders
Sexual Disorder:
Gender Identity Disorders: psychologically dissatisfied with ones biological sex.
Paraphilias: sexual arousal occurs primarily in response to inappropriate objects.
Sexual Dysfunctions:
Normal Sexual Function:
Many opinions regarding what is normal sex behaviour.
Research has led to a better understanding of sexual practices and physiology in males and
females.
Masters and Johnson: examined sexual physiology in the lab.
1) Masturbation is similar to sex.
2) Penis size not correlated with pleasure.
3) 4 stages in sexual response cycle.
www.notesolution.com
Sex/Porn Addiction
Men prefer visual erotica, women prefer chat rooms
8% who spend >11 hours per week reported more physiological distress and interference with
other activities.
Sexual Response Cycle Stages
Desire: sexual urges occur in response to sexual cues or fantasies
Arousal/Excitement: subjective sense of sexual excitement and physiological signs of sexual
arousal (i.e., erection or lubrication)
Plateau: brief period of time before orgasm.
Orgasm: peak of sexual pleasure, increased heart rate and breathing, inevitability of ejaculation,
contractions of walls, release of sexual tension.
Resolution: return to normal conditions following orgasm.
Sexual Dysfunctions
Very common
Relate to the various stages of the sexual response cycle
Very few problems with plateau or resolution phases
Other disorders are predominated by pain
May co-exist with relationship difficulties, but not necessarily
Factors Related to Sexual Dysfunction
Proposed Theories: performance anxiety, religious orthodoxy/socio-cultural factors. Trauma,
alcohol, and other substances, relationship stress, inadequate stress.
Social learning theories are most widely accepted.
Treatment of Sexual Dysfunctions:
Masters and Johnson:
Focus on couples’ verbal and nonverbal communication.
Sensate focus: sexual retraining techniques.
CBT:
Relaxation, sensation focus.
Behavioural therapy for vaginismus, medication may be used.
Gender Identity:
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 7 23:27 Sexual Disorders and Dysfunction Sexual Behaviour Changing views of sexual behaviour: Change over time (permissive vs. restrictive) Views toward sexual preferences vary across cultures Diversity of sexual practices in human societies (i.e., swinging, bigamy, strip clubs) Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Orientation Homosexual behaviour Defined as a sexual behaviour with members of ones own sex NOT a DSM diagnosis Homosexual orientation Individuals who prefer to engage in sexual activity with members of own sex over an extended period of time. Bisexual behaviours Preferred partners are sometimes same sex, sometimes opposite sex. NOT a DSM diagnosis Identifying oneself as G, L, B is associated with stigma, and can also be associated with serious psychological problems. High suicide rate. DSM Disorders Sexual Disorder: Gender Identity Disorders: psychologically dissatisfied with ones biological sex. Paraphilias: sexual arousal occurs primarily in response to inappropriate objects. Sexual Dysfunctions: Normal Sexual Function: Many opinions regarding what is normal sex behaviour. Research has led to a better understanding of sexual practices and physiology in males and females. Masters and Johnson: examined sexual physiology in the lab. 1) Masturbation is similar to sex. 2) Penis size not correlated with pleasure. 3) 4 stages in sexual response cycle. www.notesolution.com
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