PSY270H1 Lecture Notes - Memory Consolidation, Pineapple, Episodic Memory
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Deep close attention, focus on the item"s processing and meaningful processing leads to long-lasting memories. Shallow little to attention to meaning, sensory processing is easily forgotten. creates meaningful links to ltm: distinctiveness. different from all other memories in ltm. one cue tells us exactly where to find information. One first-year student sf was trained in 4 months in memory could remember up to 800 items, 100 items with no problems. Decay and interference can occur in ltm as well as stm. Retrieval from ltm is highly related to encoding. Mnemonics use effective encoding strategies to increase ltm dramatically. Forgetting from ltm is often caused by retrieval failures: information is available but not accessible, evidence for retrieval failure. feeling of knowing u know info is there, you know some info but cannot remember everything. cued vs. uncued recall: remember tulving & pearlstone, we were given words to remember and then asked to recall.